The murine interleukin 2 receptor

Irreversible cross-linking of radiolabeled interleukin 2 to high affinity interleukin 2 receptors reveals a noncovalently associated subunit

H. Saragovi, Thomas Malek

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Abstract

The murine interleukin 2 (IL-2) receptor is a 55- to 60-kDa glycoprotein (p58) that binds IL-2 at a high and low affinity. In this investigation, we have identified sublines of EL4 that vary in their capacity to express high affinity IL-2 receptors after transfection of the IL-2 receptor cDNA. These and other cell populations were used to determine whether unique membrane molecules were specifically associated with the high affinity IL-2 receptor. Irreversible chemical cross-linking of [125I]IL-2 to only high affinity IL-2 receptors resulted in detection of IL-2 cross-linked to p58 as a 70- to 75-kDa band and other complexes of 90 to 95 kDa, 115 kDa, 150 kDa, 170 to 190 kDa, and 245 kDa. Antibodies specific for p58 resulted in precipitation of each of these complexes. However, disruption of noncovalent interactions prior to immunoprecipitation resulted in an inability to detect the material at 90 to 95 kDa. Therefore, we conclude that this complex most likely represented IL-2 cross-linked to a 75- to 80-kDa subunit that was noncovalently associated with p58. The other complexes >150 kDa may represent these subunits cross-linked to each other. The detection of all the cross-linked complexes larger than 75 kDa appeared to be directly related to formation of high affinity IL-2 receptors because IL-2 was cross-linked only to p58 for three cell lines that exclusively expressed low affinity IL-2 receptors. Thus, high affinity murine IL-2 receptors are comprised of at least one α (p58)- and β (p75)-subunit. Our data also raise the possibility of a more complex subunit structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1918-1926
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume139
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 1987

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Interleukin-2 Receptors
Interleukin-2
Immunoprecipitation
Transfection
Glycoproteins
Complementary DNA
Cell Line
Membranes
Antibodies
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

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title = "The murine interleukin 2 receptor: Irreversible cross-linking of radiolabeled interleukin 2 to high affinity interleukin 2 receptors reveals a noncovalently associated subunit",
abstract = "The murine interleukin 2 (IL-2) receptor is a 55- to 60-kDa glycoprotein (p58) that binds IL-2 at a high and low affinity. In this investigation, we have identified sublines of EL4 that vary in their capacity to express high affinity IL-2 receptors after transfection of the IL-2 receptor cDNA. These and other cell populations were used to determine whether unique membrane molecules were specifically associated with the high affinity IL-2 receptor. Irreversible chemical cross-linking of [125I]IL-2 to only high affinity IL-2 receptors resulted in detection of IL-2 cross-linked to p58 as a 70- to 75-kDa band and other complexes of 90 to 95 kDa, 115 kDa, 150 kDa, 170 to 190 kDa, and 245 kDa. Antibodies specific for p58 resulted in precipitation of each of these complexes. However, disruption of noncovalent interactions prior to immunoprecipitation resulted in an inability to detect the material at 90 to 95 kDa. Therefore, we conclude that this complex most likely represented IL-2 cross-linked to a 75- to 80-kDa subunit that was noncovalently associated with p58. The other complexes >150 kDa may represent these subunits cross-linked to each other. The detection of all the cross-linked complexes larger than 75 kDa appeared to be directly related to formation of high affinity IL-2 receptors because IL-2 was cross-linked only to p58 for three cell lines that exclusively expressed low affinity IL-2 receptors. Thus, high affinity murine IL-2 receptors are comprised of at least one α (p58)- and β (p75)-subunit. Our data also raise the possibility of a more complex subunit structure.",
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