The multicultural masculinity ideology scale: Validation from three cultural perspectives 1

Brian D. Doss, J. Roy Hopkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Multicultural Masculinity Ideology Scale (MMIS) measures an individual's adaptation and internalization of a culture's norms about how men should act. This study extends previous research on masculinity ideology by generating a scale representing multiple cultural perspectives using 190 Chilean, 283 Anglo-American, and 296 African-American undergraduates. The psychometric properties of the MMIS were established using principal components analysis, convergent validity tests, and internal-consistency and test-retest reliability. Two components consistent across cultures emerged: Hypermasculine Posturing and Achievement. In addition, there were culturally-specific components: Toughness, Pose, and Responsibility among Chileans; Sensitivity among Anglo-Americans; and Sexual Responsibility among African-Americans. Results indicate that the MMIS can be useful for examining a variety of research questions relating to culture and masculinity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)719-741
Number of pages23
JournalSex Roles
Volume38
Issue number9-10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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