The Moderating Effect of Resilience on the Relationship between Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and Quality of Physical and Mental Health among Adult Sexual and Gender Minorities

Phillip W. Schnarrs, Amy L. Stone, Robert Salcido, Charlotte Georgiou, Xinyan Zhou, Charles B. Nemeroff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Sexual and gender minority (SGM) individuals experience a greater burden of poor mental health compared to heterosexual individuals. One factor that helps to explain this disparity is trauma experienced during childhood. SGM are more likely to report traumatic experiences during childhood contributing to this disparity. Previous research has shown that resilience moderates the relationship between childhood trauma and adults mental health outcomes. As part of the Strengthening Colors of Pride project, data on 463 SGM adults living in San Antonio were collected using surveys. A diverse recruitment strategy was used in conjunction with a community advisory board. The brief resilience scale (BRS) was used to assess intrapersonal level resilience to determine if there was an effect on the relationship between ACEs and quality of mental and physical health. Differences were noted for some items across low, normal, and high levels of resilience. Both ACEs and BRS significantly predicted quality of mental and physical health. We also noted a significant interaction between ACEs and BRS with regard to quality of mental health. Findings suggest there is a relationship between intrapersonal level resilience, ACEs, and quality of mental health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)366-374
Number of pages9
JournalBehavioral Medicine
Volume46
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs)
  • LGBTQ+
  • mental health
  • resilience
  • sexual and gender minority

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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