The mechanical strength, degree of hydration, and electrical resistivity of cement pastes modified with superabsorbent polymers

K. Farzanian, K. Pimenta Teixeira, I. Perdigão Rocha, L. De Sa Carneiro, Ali Ghahremaninezhad-M

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper examines the effect of superabsorbent polymers (SAPs) with varied sizes and absorption behaviors on the mechanical strength, hydration and transport characteristics of cementitious materials. Mechanical strength was assessed using the compressive and flexural strength tests. Non-evaporable water content measurement was utilized to evaluate the degree of hydration of the cement pastes. The transport behavior of cement pastes was characterized using electrical resistivity measurement. It was shown that for the SAPs and mix designs used in this study, the incorporation of SAPs generally reduced the strength, especially in the cement pastes with a high density of macrovoids. The electrical resistivity of cement pastes with slow desorbing SAPs appeared to be influenced by two opposing effects of pore structure densification and macrovoid formation. It was observed that the influence of SAPs on the compressive strength and electrical resistivity of cement pastes was more noticeable at water/cement ratios of 0.35 and 0.4 than at 0.5.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)156-165
Number of pages10
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume109
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2016

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Ointments
Hydration
Strength of materials
Polymers
Cements
Compressive strength
Pore structure
Densification
Bending strength
Water content
Water

Keywords

  • Absorption
  • Cement paste
  • Electrical resistivity
  • Pore solution
  • SAPs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

The mechanical strength, degree of hydration, and electrical resistivity of cement pastes modified with superabsorbent polymers. / Farzanian, K.; Pimenta Teixeira, K.; Perdigão Rocha, I.; De Sa Carneiro, L.; Ghahremaninezhad-M, Ali.

In: Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 109, 15.04.2016, p. 156-165.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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