The marine inorganic carbon cycle

Frank J. Millero

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

273 Scopus citations


The chemistry of surface ocean is dominated by the uptake of CO2 into phytoplankton. This review demonstrates the chemical complexity of the oceanic CO2 cycle but documents the physical and analytical chemistry of the CO2 system and how the ocean CO2 cycle has been perturbed by fossil fuel burning. Topics covered include the thermodynamics of the carbonate system in natural waters, methods used to measure carbonate parameters, modeling the ionic interactions for the carbonate system, distribution of carbonate species in the oceans, fossil fuel CO2 input to the oceans, biological effects of increasing levels of partial pressure of CO2 and sequestering CO2 in the oceans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)308-341
Number of pages34
JournalChemical Reviews
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)


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