The marine-atmospheric emitted radiance interferometer: A high-accuracy, seagoing infrared spectroradiometer

P. J. Minnett, R. O. Knuteson, F. A. Best, B. J. Osborne, J. A. Hanafin, O. B. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

157 Scopus citations


The Marine-Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (M-AERI) is described, and some examples of the environmental variables that can be derived from its measurements and the types of research that these can support are briefly presented. The M-AERI is a robust, accurate, self-calibrating, seagoing Fourier-transform interferometric infrared spectroradiometer that is deployed on marine platforms to measure the emission spectra from the sea surface and marine atmosphere. The instrument works continuously under computer control and functions well under a very wide range of environmental conditions with a high rate of data return. Spectral measurements are made in the range of ~ 3 to ~ 18 μm wavelength and are calibrated using two internal, National Institute of Standards and Technology-traceable blackbody cavities. The environmental variables derived from the spectra include the surface skin temperature of the ocean, surface emissivity, near-surface air temperature, and profiles of temperature and humidity through the lower troposphere. These measurements are sufficiently accurate both to validate satellite-derived surface temperature fields and to study the physics of the skin layer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)994-1013
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ocean Engineering
  • Atmospheric Science


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