The Intergenerational Impact of Adverse Childhood Experiences on Hispanic Families: The Mediational Roles of Parental Depression and Parent–Adolescent Communication

Lucas G. Ochoa, Alejandra Fernandez, Tae Kyoung Lee, Yannine Estrada, Guillermo Prado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Parental exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) has been documented as a strong risk factor for subsequent externalizing behaviors in their youth. Although studies have investigated ACEs and their intergenerational association with youth externalizing behaviors, this association has not been investigated in Hispanic families. Additionally, substantial gaps in the literature exist explaining the mechanisms by which this association occurs. The purpose of this study was to examine whether parent–adolescent communication and parental depressive symptomatology explain the relationship between parent's ACE score and adolescent externalizing behaviors. This secondary data analysis utilized baseline data from an ongoing randomized controlled trial evaluating the relative effectiveness of an online parenting intervention for Hispanic adolescents. The sample consisted of 456 parents and their adolescents between the ages of 12–16. Using path modeling, parental depressive symptomatology and parent–adolescent communication were simultaneously examined as mechanisms that may explain the intergenerational relationship between parental exposure to ACEs and externalizing behaviors in Hispanic youth. Parental depressive symptomatology and parent–adolescent communication both significantly mediated the association between parental exposure to ACEs and adolescent externalizing behaviors. Understanding the mechanisms explaining the intergenerational association between parental exposure to ACEs and adolescent externalizing behaviors may aid future research examining problematic behaviors in Hispanic youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFamily Process
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adverse Childhood Experiences
  • Depression
  • Hispanic
  • Parent–Adolescent Communication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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