The influence of racial identity profiles on the relationship between racial discrimination and depressive symptoms

Kira Hudson Banks, Laura P. Kohn-Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

71 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined the association between racial identity profiles, discrimination, and mental health outcomes. African American college students (N = 194) completed measures of racial discrimination, racial identity, college hassles, and depressive symptoms. Four meaningful profiles emerged through a cluster analysis of seven dimensions of racial identity assessed using the Multidimensional Inventory of Black Identity (MIBI). Results suggested racial identity moderates the relation between discrimination and depressive symptoms. Students whose racial identity profile involves the goal of blending with the mainstream and focusing on shared human qualities rather than race as a core ideological concept had a significantly stronger association between racial discrimination and depressive symptoms. The results hold implications for investigating the experience of racial discrimination and conceptualization of racial identity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)331-354
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Black Psychology
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • African Americans
  • College students
  • Depressive symptoms
  • Racial discrimination
  • Racial identity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication

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