The influence of patient size on dose conversion coefficients: A hybrid phantom study for adult cardiac catheterization

Perry Johnson, Choonsik Lee, Kevin Johnson, Daniel Siragusa, Wesley E. Bolch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


In this study, the influence of patient size on organ and effective dose conversion coefficients (DCCs) was investigated for a representative interventional fluoroscopic procedure - cardiac catheterization. The study was performed using hybrid phantoms representing an underweight, average and overweight American adult male. Reference body sizes were determined using the NHANES III database and parameterized based on standing height and total body mass. Organ and effective dose conversion coefficients were calculated for anterior-posterior, posterior-anterior, left anterior oblique and right anterior oblique projections using the Monte Carlo code MCNPX 2.5.0 with the metric dose area product being used as the normalization factor. Results show body size to have a clear influence on DCCs which increased noticeably when body size decreased. It was also shown that if patient size is neglected when choosing a DCC, the organ and effective dose will be underestimated to an underweight patient and will be overestimated to an underweight patient, with errors as large as 113% for certain projections. Results were further compared with those published for a KTMAN-2 Korean patient-specific tomographic phantom. The published DCCs aligned best with the hybrid phantom which most closely matched in overall body size. These results highlighted the need for and the advantages of phantom-patient matching, and it is recommended that hybrid phantoms be used to create a more diverse library of patient-dependent anthropomorphic phantoms for medical dose reconstruction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3613-3629
Number of pages17
JournalPhysics in Medicine and Biology
Issue number12
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


Dive into the research topics of 'The influence of patient size on dose conversion coefficients: A hybrid phantom study for adult cardiac catheterization'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this