The influence of a Gulf Stream meander on the distribution of zooplankton biomass in the Slope Water, the Gulf Stream, and the Sargasso Sea, described using a shipboard acoustic Doppler current profiler

Carin J. Ashjian, Sharon L. Smith, Charles N. Flagg, Arthur J. Mariano, William J. Behrens, Peter V.Z. Lane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patterns in zooplankton biomass distribution in a Gulf Stream meander were documented using a ship-mounted acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) in fall 1988 as part of the BIOSYNOP program. The dominant signal in biomass was the regional variation between water masses, with greatest biomass recorded in the Slope Water, intermediate biomass at the Slope Water-Gulf Stream front, and lowest biomass in the Gulf Stream/Sargasso Sea. Biomass was more variable in the Slope Water than in the Sargasso Sea. Diel variation, a consequence of diel vertical migration, was also observed. Comprehensive maps of the surveyed region documented meander associated enhancement of zooplantkton biomass. Elevated biomasswas documented in the region downstream of the meander crest, where determined of Slope Water and convergence of flow are hypothezised to occur. The ADCP was demonstrated to be an effective means of documenting patterns in zooplankton biomass, including estimates of the variabiity (patchiness).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-50
Number of pages28
JournalDeep-Sea Research Part I
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science

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