The incidence of pacemaker dysfunction during helicopter air medical transport

Robert E. Fromm, Diane Hopkins Taylor, Laura Cronin, William B G McCallum, Robert L. Levine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A number of recent publications have raised concern regarding in-flight pacemaker dysfunction during air medical transport. Unfortunately the clinical importance of this problem is unknown. The authors' purpose was to examine the incidence of pacemaker use and malfunction during helicopter air medical transport, using an incidence (cohort) study of an air medical service of a tertiary-care teaching hospital. During the study period, April 1, 1987 through December 31, 1991 2,388 patients were air-transported. Cardiac patients constituted 72% of the total population. Pacemakers were used in 44 patients, temporary transvenous pacemakers in 35, permanent transvenouse in five, and transcutaneous pacers in four patients. No rate-responsive pacemakers were transported. No episodes of pacemaker malfunction were observed (95% confidence interval 0 to .002 for the population as a whole). The authors conclude that pacemaker dysfunction during air medical transport is a very rare occurrence, in part due to the infrequent transport of patients requiring these devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)333-335
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Emergency Medicine
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

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Aircraft
Air
Incidence
Cohort Studies
Tertiary Healthcare
Teaching Hospitals
Population
Confidence Intervals
Equipment and Supplies

Keywords

  • Helicopter transport
  • pacemaker

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

Cite this

The incidence of pacemaker dysfunction during helicopter air medical transport. / Fromm, Robert E.; Taylor, Diane Hopkins; Cronin, Laura; McCallum, William B G; Levine, Robert L.

In: American Journal of Emergency Medicine, Vol. 10, No. 4, 01.01.1992, p. 333-335.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fromm, Robert E. ; Taylor, Diane Hopkins ; Cronin, Laura ; McCallum, William B G ; Levine, Robert L. / The incidence of pacemaker dysfunction during helicopter air medical transport. In: American Journal of Emergency Medicine. 1992 ; Vol. 10, No. 4. pp. 333-335.
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