The in vivo stability of electrospun polycaprolactone-collagen scaffolds in vascular reconstruction

Bryan W. Tillman, Saami K. Yazdani, Sang Jin Lee, Randolph L. Geary, Anthony Atala, James J. Yoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

237 Scopus citations

Abstract

To avoid complications of prosthetic vascular grafts, engineered vascular constructs have been investigated as an alternative for vascular reconstruction. The scaffolds for vascular tissue engineering remain a cornerstone of these efforts and yet many currently available options are limited by issues of inconsistency, poor adherence of vascular cells, or inadequate biomechanical properties. In this study, we investigated whether PCL/collagen scaffolds could support cell growth and withstand physiologic conditions while maintaining patency in a rabbit aortoiliac bypass model. Our results indicate that electrospun scaffolds support adherence and growth of vascular cells under physiologic conditions and that endothelialized grafts resisted adherence of platelets when exposed to blood. When implanted in vivo, these scaffolds were able to retain their structural integrity over 1 month of implantation as demonstrated by serial ultrasonography. Further, at retrieval, these scaffolds continued to maintain biomechanical strength that was comparable to native artery. This study suggests that electrospun scaffolds combined with vascular cells may become an alternative to prosthetic vascular grafts for vascular reconstruction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)583-588
Number of pages6
JournalBiomaterials
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2009

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Keywords

  • Collagen
  • Electrospinning
  • Polycaprolactone
  • Tissue engineering
  • Vascular graft

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Bioengineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Biophysics

Cite this

Tillman, B. W., Yazdani, S. K., Lee, S. J., Geary, R. L., Atala, A., & Yoo, J. J. (2009). The in vivo stability of electrospun polycaprolactone-collagen scaffolds in vascular reconstruction. Biomaterials, 30(4), 583-588. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2008.10.006