The impact of socioeconomic status on teenage mothers and children who received early intervention

Wendy L. Stone, R. Debra Bendell, Tiffany M. Field

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


To determine the early school age effects of an intervention program for low SES, black teenage mothers and their term and preterm infants, a subsample of 61 mother-child dyads was assessed when the children were 5 to 8 years of age. The mothers and children were videotaped in a storytelling interaction together and then interviewed and tested. The child interviews included the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence, the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, the Wide Range Achievement Test, and the Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test. The maternal interviews included a demographic questionnaire, the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale, the Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory, the Parenting Stress Index, and the Vocabulary subtest of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale. Analyses of variance yielded no intervention effects and no effects of prematurity on any of the child or mother measures. Correlation analysis, however, yielded a number of significant relations between socioeconomic status and child and maternal outcome measures. These findings suggest that the effects of intervention may be short-term for this population, and that low socioeconomic status (SES) may override the effects of early intervention and prematurity by the time children reach school age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)391-408
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Applied Developmental Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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