The impact of short-lasting repeated vibrations on retrograde axonal transport, the expression of CGRP and parvalbumin in lower lumbar dorsal root ganglia

Jaroslav Pavel, L'udmila Hricová, Stanislava Jergová, Nadežda Lukáčová

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

A prolonged exposure to vibration stimuli triggers pathological changes with many later manifested symptoms. Early vibration-induced changes are still not very well explored. Therefore, short 30 min vibration period per day with frequency 60 Hz repeated for 10 days was used, and the retrograde axonal transport from the sciatic nerve, the expression of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and parvalbumin (PV) were studied in the dorsal root ganglia (DRGs) corresponding to lower lumbar spinal levels. Repeated vibration markedly decreased (25 and 34%) the accumulation of retrogradely transported Fluorogold to spinal motor neurons, whereas a significant increase (35 and 25%) was seen in the DRG primary sensory neurons corresponding to the L4 and L5 spinal level. Immunohistochemical studies showed a significant reduction of CGRP-positive small-sized neuronal cells in both DRGs. Fluoro-Jade labeling revealed that marked loss of CGRP-imunoreactive DRG sensory neurons is not due to neuronal degeneration. CGRP protein expression determined by Western blot analysis and optical density measurement, and NGF level measured by ELISA have been decreased, markedly only at the L4 DRG. PV protein expression was not affected by short repeated vibrations. Our results indicate that (a) short-lasting repeated vibrations affect the retrograde axonal transport in the DRG sensory neurons differently than in spinal motor neurons; (b) a decreased NGF-dependent CGRP production in the DRG primary sensory neurons plays an important role in early vibration-induced pathological mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalBrain research
Volume1396
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 17 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Calcitonin gene-related peptide
  • Nerve growth factor
  • Neuronal degeneration
  • Parvalbumin
  • Repeated vibration
  • Retrograde axonal transport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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