The Impact of Parental Reaction to Sexual Orientation on Depressive Symptoms and Sexual Risk Behavior Among Hispanic Men Who Have Sex with Men

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE This study examined the relationship of parent reaction to sexual orientation with depressive symptoms and safer sex among Hispanic adult men who have sex with men (MSM). We also examined men's acculturation to the U.S. (Americanism) in relation with these variables. METHOD Cross-sectional data collected from July 2011 to December 2012, from 125 MSM with a mean age of 43.02 years. Instruments included the Perceived Parent Reaction Scale, the Centers for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, the Safer Sex Behavior Questionnaire and the Bidimensional Acculturation Scale. Data was analyzed using Hierarchical generalized linear models (GZLM). RESULTS Among men whose parents knew of their sexual orientation, rejection of son's sexual orientation from mother (p = 0.032) and from father (p = 0.004) was related to higher number of depressive symptoms. Parent reactions were not directly related to safer sex behaviors. Americanism was associated with lower depressive symptoms (p = 0.001) but was not related to safer sex behaviors. CONCLUSIONS Current parent attitudes about their sons’ sexual orientation had an effect on the sons’ emotional wellbeing and acculturation may play a protective role. Mental health and primary care clinicians working with Hispanic MSM should assess for level of family support and provide resources to assist with disclosure and family acceptance of sexual orientation as indicated, particularly among recently immigrated men who may be at higher risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)352-358
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Psychiatric Nursing
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017

Fingerprint

Risk-Taking
Hispanic Americans
Sexual Behavior
Depression
Safe Sex
Acculturation
Nuclear Family
Disclosure
Fathers
Epidemiologic Studies
Linear Models
Primary Health Care
Mental Health
Parents
Mothers
Delivery of Health Care

Keywords

  • Coming out
  • Depression
  • Hispanic
  • MSM
  • Sexual orientation disclosure
  • Sexual risk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health

Cite this

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title = "The Impact of Parental Reaction to Sexual Orientation on Depressive Symptoms and Sexual Risk Behavior Among Hispanic Men Who Have Sex with Men",
abstract = "PURPOSE This study examined the relationship of parent reaction to sexual orientation with depressive symptoms and safer sex among Hispanic adult men who have sex with men (MSM). We also examined men's acculturation to the U.S. (Americanism) in relation with these variables. METHOD Cross-sectional data collected from July 2011 to December 2012, from 125 MSM with a mean age of 43.02 years. Instruments included the Perceived Parent Reaction Scale, the Centers for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, the Safer Sex Behavior Questionnaire and the Bidimensional Acculturation Scale. Data was analyzed using Hierarchical generalized linear models (GZLM). RESULTS Among men whose parents knew of their sexual orientation, rejection of son's sexual orientation from mother (p = 0.032) and from father (p = 0.004) was related to higher number of depressive symptoms. Parent reactions were not directly related to safer sex behaviors. Americanism was associated with lower depressive symptoms (p = 0.001) but was not related to safer sex behaviors. CONCLUSIONS Current parent attitudes about their sons’ sexual orientation had an effect on the sons’ emotional wellbeing and acculturation may play a protective role. Mental health and primary care clinicians working with Hispanic MSM should assess for level of family support and provide resources to assist with disclosure and family acceptance of sexual orientation as indicated, particularly among recently immigrated men who may be at higher risk.",
keywords = "Coming out, Depression, Hispanic, MSM, Sexual orientation disclosure, Sexual risk",
author = "Victoria Mitrani and {De Santis}, Joseph and Brian McCabe and Diego Deleon and Karina Gattamorta and Leblanc, {Natalie M.}",
year = "2017",
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T1 - The Impact of Parental Reaction to Sexual Orientation on Depressive Symptoms and Sexual Risk Behavior Among Hispanic Men Who Have Sex with Men

AU - Mitrani, Victoria

AU - De Santis, Joseph

AU - McCabe, Brian

AU - Deleon, Diego

AU - Gattamorta, Karina

AU - Leblanc, Natalie M.

PY - 2017/8/1

Y1 - 2017/8/1

N2 - PURPOSE This study examined the relationship of parent reaction to sexual orientation with depressive symptoms and safer sex among Hispanic adult men who have sex with men (MSM). We also examined men's acculturation to the U.S. (Americanism) in relation with these variables. METHOD Cross-sectional data collected from July 2011 to December 2012, from 125 MSM with a mean age of 43.02 years. Instruments included the Perceived Parent Reaction Scale, the Centers for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, the Safer Sex Behavior Questionnaire and the Bidimensional Acculturation Scale. Data was analyzed using Hierarchical generalized linear models (GZLM). RESULTS Among men whose parents knew of their sexual orientation, rejection of son's sexual orientation from mother (p = 0.032) and from father (p = 0.004) was related to higher number of depressive symptoms. Parent reactions were not directly related to safer sex behaviors. Americanism was associated with lower depressive symptoms (p = 0.001) but was not related to safer sex behaviors. CONCLUSIONS Current parent attitudes about their sons’ sexual orientation had an effect on the sons’ emotional wellbeing and acculturation may play a protective role. Mental health and primary care clinicians working with Hispanic MSM should assess for level of family support and provide resources to assist with disclosure and family acceptance of sexual orientation as indicated, particularly among recently immigrated men who may be at higher risk.

AB - PURPOSE This study examined the relationship of parent reaction to sexual orientation with depressive symptoms and safer sex among Hispanic adult men who have sex with men (MSM). We also examined men's acculturation to the U.S. (Americanism) in relation with these variables. METHOD Cross-sectional data collected from July 2011 to December 2012, from 125 MSM with a mean age of 43.02 years. Instruments included the Perceived Parent Reaction Scale, the Centers for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, the Safer Sex Behavior Questionnaire and the Bidimensional Acculturation Scale. Data was analyzed using Hierarchical generalized linear models (GZLM). RESULTS Among men whose parents knew of their sexual orientation, rejection of son's sexual orientation from mother (p = 0.032) and from father (p = 0.004) was related to higher number of depressive symptoms. Parent reactions were not directly related to safer sex behaviors. Americanism was associated with lower depressive symptoms (p = 0.001) but was not related to safer sex behaviors. CONCLUSIONS Current parent attitudes about their sons’ sexual orientation had an effect on the sons’ emotional wellbeing and acculturation may play a protective role. Mental health and primary care clinicians working with Hispanic MSM should assess for level of family support and provide resources to assist with disclosure and family acceptance of sexual orientation as indicated, particularly among recently immigrated men who may be at higher risk.

KW - Coming out

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KW - Hispanic

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KW - Sexual orientation disclosure

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