The impact of organic and intensive farming on the tropical estuary

Carlos Augusto Ramos e Silva, Leonel Sternberg, Pablo Bezerra Dávalos, Flavo Elano Soares de Souza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Two marine farm ponds, one practicing the organic method and the other practicing the intensive method of shrimp farming located near the Guaraíras estuary (Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil), have the potential of causing eutrophication of the estuary by disposal of excess organic matter and nutrients. Here we report nutrients, chlorophyll concentrations and stable carbon isotope ratios from the respective ponds to access differences in their potential impact on estuary water quality. Total phosphate and chlorophyll-a concentrations of pond water under the organic and intensive management method were different (i.e., 3.39 ± 0.63 μM and 17.87 ± 7.89 μM for total phosphate and 11.88 ± 9.91 μg/L and 64.46 μg/L for chlorophyll-a, respectively). With the exception of pCO2, parameters related to carbonate system also showed greater values in the organic pond compared to the intensive pond. Sediment total phosphorus concentrations were: 1.48 ± 0.13 mg/g for the organic pond and 5.99 ± 1.30 mg/g for the intensive pond. The mean stable carbon isotopic composition of the shrimp muscle tissues from the organic pond (δ13C = -17.1 ± 0.0‰) and intensive pond (δ13C = -18.2 ± 0.1‰) were very similar, despite the fact that, compared to the δ13C value shrimp tissue, the feed in the intensive pond had very different carbon isotope ratios (δ13C = -25.3 ± 0.1‰). Pond water and sediments from the intensive shrimp farm, by having a higher phosphorus concentration, have a greater potential for causing estuary eutrophication compared to the organic shrimp farm. The small range in carbon isotope ratio between the shrimps from the two types of management indicates that the commercial shrimp feed had little contribution to the biomass of the cultured shrimp in the intensive shrimp pond.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-64
Number of pages10
JournalOcean and Coastal Management
Volume141
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

Keywords

  • Carbonates
  • Eutrophication
  • Isotopes
  • Nutrients
  • pH effects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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  • Cite this

    Ramos e Silva, C. A., Sternberg, L., Dávalos, P. B., & Souza, F. E. S. D. (2017). The impact of organic and intensive farming on the tropical estuary. Ocean and Coastal Management, 141, 55-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.03.010