The impact of mental health and substance abuse factors on HIV prevention and treatment

James Walkup, Michael B. Blank, Jeffrey S. Gonzalez, Steven Safren, Rebecca Schwartz, Larry Brown, Ira Wilson, Amy Knowlton, Frank Lombard, Cynthia Grossman, Karen Lyda, Joseph E. Schumacher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

69 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The convergence of HIV, substance abuse (SA), and mental illness (MI) represents a distinctive challenge to health care providers, policy makers, and researchers. Previous research with the mentally ill and substance-abusing populations has demonstrated high rates of psychiatric and general medical comorbidity. Additionally, persons living with HIV/AIDS have dramatically elevated rates of MI and other physical comorbidities. This pattern of co-occurring conditions has been described as a syndemic. Syndemic health problems occur when linked health problems involving 2 or more afflictions interact synergistically and contribute to the excess burden of disease in a population. Evidence for syndemics arises when health-related problems cluster by person, place, or time. This article describes a research agenda for beginning to understand the complex relations among MI, SA, and HIV and outlines a research agenda for the Social and Behavioral Science Research Network in these areas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Volume47
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Substance-Related Disorders
Mental Health
HIV
Comorbidity
Health
Research
Behavioral Research
Behavioral Sciences
Social Sciences
Mentally Ill Persons
Administrative Personnel
Health Personnel
Population
Psychiatry
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Therapeutics
Research Personnel

Keywords

  • Addiction
  • Depression
  • Health services
  • Mental illness
  • Substance abuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Immunology

Cite this

The impact of mental health and substance abuse factors on HIV prevention and treatment. / Walkup, James; Blank, Michael B.; Gonzalez, Jeffrey S.; Safren, Steven; Schwartz, Rebecca; Brown, Larry; Wilson, Ira; Knowlton, Amy; Lombard, Frank; Grossman, Cynthia; Lyda, Karen; Schumacher, Joseph E.

In: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, Vol. 47, No. SUPPL. 1, 03.2008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Walkup, J, Blank, MB, Gonzalez, JS, Safren, S, Schwartz, R, Brown, L, Wilson, I, Knowlton, A, Lombard, F, Grossman, C, Lyda, K & Schumacher, JE 2008, 'The impact of mental health and substance abuse factors on HIV prevention and treatment', Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, vol. 47, no. SUPPL. 1. https://doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0b013e3181605b26
Walkup, James ; Blank, Michael B. ; Gonzalez, Jeffrey S. ; Safren, Steven ; Schwartz, Rebecca ; Brown, Larry ; Wilson, Ira ; Knowlton, Amy ; Lombard, Frank ; Grossman, Cynthia ; Lyda, Karen ; Schumacher, Joseph E. / The impact of mental health and substance abuse factors on HIV prevention and treatment. In: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 2008 ; Vol. 47, No. SUPPL. 1.
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