WSB-1 is a SOCS-box-containing WD-40 protein of unknown function that is induced by Hedgehog signalling in embryonic structures during chicken development. Here we show that WSB-1 is part of an E3 ubiquitin ligase for the thyroid-hormone-activating type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase (D2). The WD-40 propeller of WSB-1 recognizes an 18-amino-acid loop in D2 that confers metabolic instability, whereas the SOCS-box domain mediates its interaction with a ubiquitinating catalytic core complex, modelled as Elongin BC-Cul5-Rbx1 (ECSWSB-1). In the developing tibial growth plate, Hedgehog-stimulated D2 ubiquitination via ECSWSB-1 induces parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP), thereby regulating chondrocyte differentiation. Thus, ECSWSB-1 mediates a mechanism by which 'systemic' thyroid hormone can effect local control of the Hedgehog-PTHrP negative feedback loop and thus skeletogenesis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology