Targeted genome editing mediated by clustered, regularly interspaced, short palindromic repeat (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated nuclease 9 (Cas9) technology has emerged as a powerful tool for gene function studies and has great potential for gene therapy. Although CRISPR/Cas9 has been widely used in many research fields, only a few successful zebrafish models have been established using this technology in hearing research. In this study, we successfully created zebrafish mariner mutants by targeting the motor head domain of Myo7aa using CRISPR/Cas9. The CRISPR/Cas9-generated mutants showed unbalanced swimming behavior and disorganized sterocilia of inner ear hair cells, which resemble the phenotype of the zebrafish mariner mutants. In addition, we found that CRISPR/Cas9-generated mutants have reduced number of stereociliary bundles of inner ear hair cells and have significant hearing loss. Furthermore, phenotypic analysis was performed on F0 larvae within the first week post fertilization, which dramatically shortens data collection period. Therefore, results of this study showed that CRISPR/Cas9 is a quick and effective method to generate zebrafish mutants as a model for studying human genetic deafness. Anat Rec, 303:556–562, 2020.
- hearing loss
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics