The future of the Caatinga

Marcelo Tabarelli, Inara R. Leal, Fabio Rubio Scarano, Jose Maria Cardoso da Silva

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

16 Scopus citations


The Caatinga is a socio-ecological system where the mutual interdependence of man and nature is outstanding. On one hand, ecological gradients maintain most of the large biodiversity and have been fundamental in shaping the modern regional cultural heritage. On the other hand, acute and chronic human disturbances together have led to a large-scale transformation of the Caatinga's ecosystems, thus reducing their capacity to provide critical ecosystem services to local communities. Future scenarios will possibly be worse due to climatic changes. The path toward sustainability and resilience in the Caatinga requires a major shift from the current ways in which local populations use and interact with natural ecosystems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCaatinga
Subtitle of host publicationThe Largest Tropical Dry Forest Region in South America
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9783319683393
ISBN (Print)9783319683386
StatePublished - Jan 9 2018


  • Biodiversity corridors
  • Desertification
  • Green infrastructure
  • Productive landscapes
  • Socio-ecological systems
  • Sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)


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