The Extracranial-Intracranial Bypass Trial: Implications for future investigations

Matthew C. Garrett, Ricardo J. Komotar, Maxwell B. Merkow, Robert M. Starke, Marc L. Otten, E. Sander Connolly

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


The 1985 International Extracranial-Intracranial (EC-IC) Bypass Trial failed to show a surgical benefit of EC-IC bypass in patients with varying degrees of angiographic stenosis. This study was limited by the technology available at the time it was conducted. In the 20 years since, there has been considerable progress in imaging techniques that now enable the identification of a subset of stroke patients with hemodynamic ischemia. In the present study, the authors review the relevant literature and propose a reevaluation of the benefits of the EC-IC bypass procedure using these new imaging techniques. The authors reviewed the admission criteria for the EC-IC Bypass Trial in the light of more recently discovered neurovascular physiology and showed that the imaging criteria used in that trial are not physiologically adequate. A MEDLINE (1985-2007) database search for EC-IC case studies was conducted, and additional studies were identified manually by scrutinizing references from identified manuscripts, major neurosurgical journals and texts, and personal files.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberE4
JournalNeurosurgical focus
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Carotid angiography
  • Extracranial-intracranial bypass
  • Hemodynamic failure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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