The evolution of deformation and topography of high elevated plateaus 1. Model, numerical analysis, and general results

S. Wdowinski, Y. Bock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations


A temperature dependent viscoplastic flow model of continental lithosphere is used to investigate the evolution of deformation and topography of high elevated plateaus. The time evolution of the deformation and topography is investigated using a finite element technique that solves for the flow field in the overriding lithosphere. The model produces dynamically supported near-trench topography and inland mountain topography that is isostatically supported by a thick crust. A finite region of localized deformation, thick crust, and high topography develops only if the model includes a horizontal thermal perturbation or an initially thick crust; however, only thermally perturbed lithosphere generates a plateau topography. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7103-7119
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Issue numberB4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

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