La transicion epidemiologica en America Latina.

Translated title of the contribution: The epidemiological transition in Latin America

J. Frenk, R. Lozano, J. L. Bobadilla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

The changes in health conditions that have occurred in most of the countries of Latin America in the second half of the twentieth century are analyzed. "This paper analyzes the main mechanisms involved in the epidemiologic transition, which are: changes in risk factors, fertility decline and improvements in health care technology." The authors use a mortality profile ratio, obtained by dividing the mortality rate due to infectious and parasitic diseases over the mortality rate due to cardiovascular diseases and neoplasms, to analyze trends in 15 countries. "Three distinct groups can be recognized. Each of them represents a different transitional experience. Such experiences are discussed in detail, including a new 'protracted polarized model' of the epidemiologic transition, which characterizes several Latin American countries. Finally, evidence is provided to illustrate the relationship among economic development, fertility change, and mortality profiles." (SUMMARY IN ENG) excerpt

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)79-101
Number of pages23
JournalNotas de poblacion
Volume22
Issue number60
StatePublished - Dec 1 1994

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Frenk, J., Lozano, R., & Bobadilla, J. L. (1994). La transicion epidemiologica en America Latina. Notas de poblacion, 22(60), 79-101.