La transicion epidemiologica en America Latina

Translated title of the contribution: The epidemiological transition in Latin America

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

86 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The concept of health transition is considered to include two interrelated processes: transition of health care and epidemiological transition. The latter encompasses three basic processes: replacement of the common infectious diseases by non-communicable diseases and injuries as the leading causes of death; a shift in peak morbidity and mortality from the young to the elderly; and change from a situation in which mortality predominates in the epidemiological panorama to one in which morbidity is dominant. Latin America is characterised by a heterogeneous health profile in which different countries are in various stages of epidemiological transition. However in most of them the transition experience is unlike that of the developed countries and is distinguished by: a simultaneous high incidence of diseases from both the pre- and post-transitional stages; a resurgence of some infectious diseases that had previously been under control; a lack of resolution of the transition process, so that the countries appear to be caught in a state of mixed morbidity; and a peculiar epidemiological polarisation, not only between countries but also in the different geographical areas and between the various social classes of a single country. This experience is called a "prolonged polarised model'. -English summary

Original languageSpanish
Title of host publicationBoletin - Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana
Pages485-496
Number of pages12
Volume111
Edition6
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Latin America
morbidity
Patient Transfer
infectious disease
Morbidity
Communicable Diseases
Health Transition
mortality
Mortality
cause of death
Developed Countries
Social Class
health care
Cause of Death
polarization
replacement
Incidence
Health
Wounds and Injuries
health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Frenk, J. (1991). La transicion epidemiologica en America Latina. In Boletin - Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana (6 ed., Vol. 111, pp. 485-496)

La transicion epidemiologica en America Latina. / Frenk, Julio.

Boletin - Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana. Vol. 111 6. ed. 1991. p. 485-496.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Frenk, J 1991, La transicion epidemiologica en America Latina. in Boletin - Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana. 6 edn, vol. 111, pp. 485-496.
Frenk J. La transicion epidemiologica en America Latina. In Boletin - Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana. 6 ed. Vol. 111. 1991. p. 485-496
Frenk, Julio. / La transicion epidemiologica en America Latina. Boletin - Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana. Vol. 111 6. ed. 1991. pp. 485-496
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