The effects of physical activity and physical fitness on children’s achievement and cognitive outcomes:a meta-analysis

Alicia L. Fedewa, Soyeon Ahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

305 Scopus citations

Abstract

It is common knowledge that physical activity leads to numerous health and psychological benefits. However, the relationship between children's physical activity and academic achievement has been debated in the literature. Some studies have found strong, positive relationships between physical activity and cognitive outcomes, while other studies have reported small, negative associations. This study was a comprehensive, quantitative synthesis of the literature, using a total of 59 studies from 1947 to 2009 for analysis. Results indicated a significant and positive effect of physical activity on children's achievement and cognitive outcomes with aerobic exercise having the greatest effect. A number of moderator variables were also found to play a significant role in this relationship. Findings are discussed in light of improving children's academic performance and changing school-based policy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)521-535
Number of pages15
JournalResearch Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Volume82
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011

Keywords

  • Activity
  • Learning
  • Overweight
  • School health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Nephrology
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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