The effects of mesenchymal stem cell-transduced multineurotrophin to improve function following spinal cord injury

Gentaro Kumagai, W. Dalton Dietrich

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Neurotrophins and the transplantation of bone marrow-derived stromal cells (MSCs) are both candidate therapies targeting experimental and clinical spinal cord injury (SCI). While some studies have suggested the ability of MSCs to transdifferentiate into neural cells, other SCI studies have proposed anti-inflammatory and other mechanisms underlying established beneficial effects. We grafted rat MSCs genetically modified to express MNTS1, a multineurotrophin that binds TrkA, TrkB and TrkC, and p75NTR receptors or MSC-MNTS1p75<sup>-</sup> that binds mainly to the Trk receptors. Seven days after contusive SCI, PBS-only, GFP-MSC, MSC-MNTS1/GFP, or MSC-MNTS1/p75<sup>-</sup>/GFP was delivered into the injury epicenter. All transplanted groups showed reduced inflammation and cystic cavity size compared to control SCI rats. Interestingly, transplantation of the MSC-MNTS1 and MSC-MNTS1/p75<sup>-</sup>, but not the naïve MSCs, enhanced axonal growth and significantly prevented cutaneous hypersensitivity after SCI. Moreover, transplantation of MSC-MNTS1/p75<sup>-</sup> promoted angiogenesis and modified glial scar formation. These findings suggest that MSCs transduced with a multineurotrophin are effective in promoting cell growth and improving sensory function after SCI. These novel data also provide insight into the neurotrophin-receptor-dependent mechanisms through which cellular transplantation leads to functional improvement after experimental SCI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNeuroprotection and Regeneration of the Spinal Cord
PublisherSpringer Japan
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9784431545026, 4431545018, 9784431545019
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013


  • Axonal regeneration
  • Multineurotrophin
  • Rat bone marrow stromal cells
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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