The Effects of Estrogens and Antiestrogens on Hormone responsive Human Breast Cancer in Long-Term Tissue Culture

Marc Lippman, Gall Bolan, Karen Huff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

834 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have established or characterized six lines of human breast cancer maintained in long term tissue culture for at least 1 year and have examined these lines for estrogen responsiveness. One of these cell lines, MCF 7, shows marked stimulation of macromolecular synthesis and cell division with physiological concentrations of estradiol. Antiestrogens are strongly inhibitory, and at concentrations greater than 3 x 10-7M they kill cells. Antiestrogen effects are prevented by simultaneous treatment with estradiol or reversed by addition of estradiol to cells incubated in antiestrogen. Responsive cell lines contain high affinity specific estradiol receptors. Antiestrogens compete with estradiol for these receptors but have a lower apparent affinity for the receptor than estrogens. Stimulation of cells by estrogens is biphasic, with inhibition and cell death at concentrations of 17β estradiol or diethylstilbestrol exceeding 10-7M. Killing by high concentrations of estrogen is probably a nonspecific effect in that we observe this response with 17α estradiol at equivalent concentrations and in the otherwise unresponsive cells that contain no estrogen receptor sites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4595-4601
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Research
Volume36
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1976

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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