The effects of antigravity unsupervised home cervical muscle strengthening protocol on cervical strength in healthy young adults

Ira Fiebert, Kathryn Roach, Paul Cho, Luis Feigenbaum, Tricia Fong, Anne Hamer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Study design: Objective. To examine the effects of a four-week anti-gravity exercise program on cervical strength. Background. Home exercise programs are widely prescribed by physical therapists. This study tested the effectiveness of an unsupervised home exercise program designed to increase cervical muscle strength. Methods and measures: In this randomized, controlled clinical trial, a convenience sample of 48 male and female subjects was randomly assigned to receive a home exercise program (experimental group, n = 21) or no treatment (control group n = 27). Cervical muscle strength was measured before and after the intervention period using a MicroFET2 hand-held dynamometer. The experimental group was instructed to perform the cervical anti-gravity exercises, at home three, times a week for four weeks. Results: The treatment group demonstrated increased cervical mus cle strength while strength of control group subjects remained essentially unchanged. The difference in the change in strength was statistically significant for motions except left rotation (p = 0.07). Strength gains in the treatment group ranged from 20%-29%. Conclusion: The home exercise program of anti-gravity cervical muscle strengthening exercises was effective in increasing cervical muscle strength in healthy young adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-49
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Volume17
Issue number2
StatePublished - Nov 23 2004

Fingerprint

Young Adult
Exercise
Muscles
Gravitation
Muscle Strength
Control Groups
Physical Therapists
Therapeutics
Randomized Controlled Trials
Hand

Keywords

  • Cervical musculature
  • Exercise program
  • Hand-held dynamometer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

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abstract = "Study design: Objective. To examine the effects of a four-week anti-gravity exercise program on cervical strength. Background. Home exercise programs are widely prescribed by physical therapists. This study tested the effectiveness of an unsupervised home exercise program designed to increase cervical muscle strength. Methods and measures: In this randomized, controlled clinical trial, a convenience sample of 48 male and female subjects was randomly assigned to receive a home exercise program (experimental group, n = 21) or no treatment (control group n = 27). Cervical muscle strength was measured before and after the intervention period using a MicroFET2 hand-held dynamometer. The experimental group was instructed to perform the cervical anti-gravity exercises, at home three, times a week for four weeks. Results: The treatment group demonstrated increased cervical mus cle strength while strength of control group subjects remained essentially unchanged. The difference in the change in strength was statistically significant for motions except left rotation (p = 0.07). Strength gains in the treatment group ranged from 20{\%}-29{\%}. Conclusion: The home exercise program of anti-gravity cervical muscle strengthening exercises was effective in increasing cervical muscle strength in healthy young adults.",
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AU - Roach, Kathryn

AU - Cho, Paul

AU - Feigenbaum, Luis

AU - Fong, Tricia

AU - Hamer, Anne

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AB - Study design: Objective. To examine the effects of a four-week anti-gravity exercise program on cervical strength. Background. Home exercise programs are widely prescribed by physical therapists. This study tested the effectiveness of an unsupervised home exercise program designed to increase cervical muscle strength. Methods and measures: In this randomized, controlled clinical trial, a convenience sample of 48 male and female subjects was randomly assigned to receive a home exercise program (experimental group, n = 21) or no treatment (control group n = 27). Cervical muscle strength was measured before and after the intervention period using a MicroFET2 hand-held dynamometer. The experimental group was instructed to perform the cervical anti-gravity exercises, at home three, times a week for four weeks. Results: The treatment group demonstrated increased cervical mus cle strength while strength of control group subjects remained essentially unchanged. The difference in the change in strength was statistically significant for motions except left rotation (p = 0.07). Strength gains in the treatment group ranged from 20%-29%. Conclusion: The home exercise program of anti-gravity cervical muscle strengthening exercises was effective in increasing cervical muscle strength in healthy young adults.

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