The effects of acid and acid/aluminum exposure on circulating plasma cortisol levels and other blood parameters in the rainbow trout, Salmo gairdneri

G. G. Goss, C. M. Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations

Abstract

Softwater (Ca2+ = 50, Na+ = 50 μequiv. l-1) acclimated rainbow trout were fitted with chronic arterial catheters to allow for repetitive blood sampling. After 48 h recovery they were then exposed to either control (pH 6·5, Al = 0 μg l-1), acid (pH 4·8, Al = 0 μg l-1) or acid plus aluminum (pH 4·8, Al = 112 μg l-1) conditions for 72 h. Parameters measured included blood glucose, lactate, haemoglobin, haematocrit and plasma Na+, Cl-, protein and cortisol. Exposure to pH 4·8 alone caused no mortality, a moderate ionoregulatory disturbance and a transient elevation in plasma cortisol. All other parameters were not significantly different from controls. Addition of aluminum to this exposure caused 100% mortality with a mean survival time of only 27·0 h. There was a marked decrease in plasma ions, hyperglycemia, lactate accumulation, haemoconcentration, red cell swelling, and a sharp rise in plasma cortisol becoming greatly increased as the fish neared death. The mechanism of toxicity of acute acid/aluminum exposure, the role for cortisol under such conditions, and the validity of cortisol and glucose as indicators of stress in fish are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-76
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Fish Biology
Volume32
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Medicine(all)

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