The effect of sociodemographics, physical function, and mood on dementia screening in a multicultural cohort

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1 Scopus citations


Purpose: To assess age, sex, race and ethnicity disparities in cognitive function in commu-nity-dwelling older adults and identify factors that contribute to these disparities. Patients and Methods: Cognitive performance (global and domain-specific) and self-reported cognitive function were compared among Black (N=57), Hispanic (N=139), and White (N=108) older adults. The impact of socioeconomic status (SES), physical function-ality, and mood indicators was assessed with a combination of hierarchical general linear models and mediation analysis. Results: Poorer cognitive performance and higher levels of impairment were found in older adults from racial and ethnic backgrounds. The contribution of lower SES to the observed racial and ethnic disparities in objective cognitive performance was 33% in Hispanics and about 20% in Blacks, while poorer physical functionality explained over half of the differences between Black and White participants. Higher self-reported cognitive impairment in minorities was explained by lower SES and higher depressive symptoms in Hispanics but not in Blacks. Conclusion: Performance on objective memory testing and self-reported cognition are greatly influenced by relevant biological, sociodemographic and medical variables. Dementia screening programs should be tailored to individual sociodemographic groups based on contributors that are specific to each group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2249-2263
Number of pages15
JournalClinical interventions in aging
StatePublished - 2020


  • Age disparities in cognition
  • Cognition
  • Cognitive performance
  • Lower extremity function
  • Racial and ethnic disparities in cognition
  • Socioeconomic status and cognition
  • Subjective cognitive function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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