### Abstract

The apparent molal volumes of dilute (0.002 to 1.0 m) aqueous HCl and NaOH solutions have been determined at 0, 25, and 50°C and NaCl solutions at 50°C. The partial molal volumes ( {Mathematical expression}) of HCl, NaOH, and NaCl solutions have been determined from these apparent molal volumes and other reliable data from the literature. The partial-molal-volume changes ( {Mathematical expression}) for the ionization of water, H_{2}O→H^{+}+OH^{-}, have been determined from 0 to 50°C and 0 to 1 m ionic strength from the partial molal volumes of HCl, NaOH, NaCl, and H_{2}O. The partial molal compressibilities ( {Mathematical expression} for HCl, NaOH, NaCl, and H_{2}O have been estimated from data in the literature and used to determine the partial molal compressibility changes ( {Mathematical expression}) for the ionization of water from 0 to 50°C and 0 to 1 m ionic strength. The effect of pressure on the ionization constant of water has been estimated from partial-molal-volume and compressibility changes using the relation {Mathematical expression} from 0 to 50°C and 0 to 2000 bars. The results agree very well with the directly measured values.

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 309-327 |

Number of pages | 19 |

Journal | Journal of Solution Chemistry |

Volume | 1 |

Issue number | 4 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Oct 1972 |

### Fingerprint

### Keywords

- Effect of pressure
- ionization of water
- molal volume

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

### Cite this

*Journal of Solution Chemistry*,

*1*(4), 309-327. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00715990

**The effect of pressure on the ionization of water at various temperatures from molal-volume data1
.** / Millero, Frank J; Hoff, Edward V.; Kahn, Larry.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*Journal of Solution Chemistry*, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 309-327. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00715990

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of pressure on the ionization of water at various temperatures from molal-volume data1

AU - Millero, Frank J

AU - Hoff, Edward V.

AU - Kahn, Larry

PY - 1972/10

Y1 - 1972/10

N2 - The apparent molal volumes of dilute (0.002 to 1.0 m) aqueous HCl and NaOH solutions have been determined at 0, 25, and 50°C and NaCl solutions at 50°C. The partial molal volumes ( {Mathematical expression}) of HCl, NaOH, and NaCl solutions have been determined from these apparent molal volumes and other reliable data from the literature. The partial-molal-volume changes ( {Mathematical expression}) for the ionization of water, H2O→H++OH-, have been determined from 0 to 50°C and 0 to 1 m ionic strength from the partial molal volumes of HCl, NaOH, NaCl, and H2O. The partial molal compressibilities ( {Mathematical expression} for HCl, NaOH, NaCl, and H2O have been estimated from data in the literature and used to determine the partial molal compressibility changes ( {Mathematical expression}) for the ionization of water from 0 to 50°C and 0 to 1 m ionic strength. The effect of pressure on the ionization constant of water has been estimated from partial-molal-volume and compressibility changes using the relation {Mathematical expression} from 0 to 50°C and 0 to 2000 bars. The results agree very well with the directly measured values.

AB - The apparent molal volumes of dilute (0.002 to 1.0 m) aqueous HCl and NaOH solutions have been determined at 0, 25, and 50°C and NaCl solutions at 50°C. The partial molal volumes ( {Mathematical expression}) of HCl, NaOH, and NaCl solutions have been determined from these apparent molal volumes and other reliable data from the literature. The partial-molal-volume changes ( {Mathematical expression}) for the ionization of water, H2O→H++OH-, have been determined from 0 to 50°C and 0 to 1 m ionic strength from the partial molal volumes of HCl, NaOH, NaCl, and H2O. The partial molal compressibilities ( {Mathematical expression} for HCl, NaOH, NaCl, and H2O have been estimated from data in the literature and used to determine the partial molal compressibility changes ( {Mathematical expression}) for the ionization of water from 0 to 50°C and 0 to 1 m ionic strength. The effect of pressure on the ionization constant of water has been estimated from partial-molal-volume and compressibility changes using the relation {Mathematical expression} from 0 to 50°C and 0 to 2000 bars. The results agree very well with the directly measured values.

KW - Effect of pressure

KW - ionization of water

KW - molal volume

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0000670986&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0000670986&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/BF00715990

DO - 10.1007/BF00715990

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0000670986

VL - 1

SP - 309

EP - 327

JO - Journal of Solution Chemistry

JF - Journal of Solution Chemistry

SN - 0095-9782

IS - 4

ER -