The Effect of Needle Bevel Position on Pain for Subcutaneous Lidocaine Injection

Keith Candiotti, Yiliam Rodriguez, Pushpa Koyyalamudi, Luciana Curia, Kristopher L. Arheart, David J. Birnbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


It is a common practice for medical practitioners to use subcutaneous infiltration of lidocaine to alleviate the pain of intravenous cannulation or line insertion. Although previous studies have assessed several factors affecting the pain associated with local anesthetic infiltration, there is a paucity of data on the effects of needle bevel position. In this prospective, randomized, controlled trial, we compared the effect of two different needle bevel positions (bevel up versus bevel down) and the pain associated with the subcutaneous injection of 1% lidocaine in 50 adult volunteers. Significantly higher pain scores were observed when the needle was placed bevel down compared with bevel up (P = .02). No significant differences in pain scores were noted between the groups for age and gender.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-243
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Perianesthesia Nursing
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • bevel orientation
  • local anesthetic infiltration
  • pain from injection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medical–Surgical


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