The effect of Jun dimerization on neurite outgrowth and motif binding

Matt C. Danzi, Saloni T. Mehta, Kireeti Dulla, Giulia Zunino, Daniel J. Cooper, John Bixby, Vance Lemmon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Axon regeneration is a necessary step toward functional recovery after spinal cord injury. The AP-1 transcription factor c-Jun has long been known to play an important role in directing the transcriptional response of Dorsal Root Ganglion (DRG) neurons to peripheral axotomy that results in successful axon regeneration. Here we performed ChIPseq for Jun in mouse DRG neurons after a sciatic nerve crush or sham surgery in order to measure the changes in Jun's DNA binding in response to peripheral axotomy. We found that the majority of Jun's injury-responsive changes in DNA binding occur at putative enhancer elements, rather than proximal to transcription start sites. We also used a series of single polypeptide chain tandem transcription factors to test the effects of different Jun-containing dimers on neurite outgrowth in DRG, cortical and hippocampal neurons. These experiments demonstrated that dimers composed of Jun and Atf3 promoted neurite outgrowth in rat CNS neurons as well as mouse DRG neurons. Our work provides new insight into the mechanisms underlying Jun's role in axon regeneration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114-127
Number of pages14
JournalMolecular and Cellular Neuroscience
Volume92
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

Fingerprint

Dimerization
Spinal Ganglia
Neurons
Axons
Axotomy
Regeneration
Nerve Crush
Transcription Initiation Site
DNA
Transcription Factor AP-1
Sciatic Nerve
Spinal Cord Injuries
Transcription Factors
Neuronal Outgrowth
Peptides
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • AP-1
  • Chromatin immunoprecipitation
  • Dorsal Root Ganglion
  • Enhancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

The effect of Jun dimerization on neurite outgrowth and motif binding. / Danzi, Matt C.; Mehta, Saloni T.; Dulla, Kireeti; Zunino, Giulia; Cooper, Daniel J.; Bixby, John; Lemmon, Vance.

In: Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience, Vol. 92, 01.10.2018, p. 114-127.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Danzi, Matt C. ; Mehta, Saloni T. ; Dulla, Kireeti ; Zunino, Giulia ; Cooper, Daniel J. ; Bixby, John ; Lemmon, Vance. / The effect of Jun dimerization on neurite outgrowth and motif binding. In: Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience. 2018 ; Vol. 92. pp. 114-127.
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