The effect of in-service aerospace contaminants on X-band dielectric properties of a bismaleimide/quartz composite

Luis A. Rodriguez, Carla García, Landon R. Grace

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The impact of three common aerospace in-service liquid contaminants on the X-band dielectric properties of a polymer composite radar protecting structure (radome) is investigated and quantified. The dielectric properties of the composite laminate are critical to radar transparency, and thus performance, of the radome structure. Further, polymer composites are highly susceptible to absorption of liquids. As such, the effect of common aerospace contaminants on the dielectric properties of composite laminates is crucial. Measurement of relative permittivity and loss tangent via a split-post dielectric resonant technique at 10 GHz is used to determine the effect of water, deicing fluid, and propylene glycol absorption in a three-ply quartz-reinforced bismaleimide laminate. Additionally, fluid uptake kinetics are investigated as a function of liquid type. An approximately linear relationship between fluid content and relative permittivity is observed for all three contaminant types. A 1% increase in contaminant content by weight results in a 7.8%, 4.5%, and 2.5% increase in relative permittivity of the material due to water, deicing fluid, and propylene glycol, respectively. A more significant impact is seen in material loss tangent, where a 1% increase in contaminant content by weight is responsible for a 378.5%, 593.0%, and 441.5% increase in loss tangent due to the aforementioned fluids, respectively. A fluid uptake weight content of 1.31%, 3.41%, and 4.28% is achieved for water, deicing fluid, and propylene glycol respectively, at approximately 1300 hours exposure. Based on the reported observations, the dielectric property degradation of composite laminates due to these commonly used fluids is of significant concern for in-service aircraft radar systems routinely exposed to these contaminants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of PPS-30
Subtitle of host publicationThe 30th International Conference of the Polymer Processing Society - Conference Papers
EditorsSadhan C. Jana
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735413092
DOIs
StatePublished - May 22 2015
Event30th International Conference of the Polymer Processing Society, PPS 2014 - Cleveland, United States
Duration: Jun 6 2014Jun 12 2014

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1664
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

Other30th International Conference of the Polymer Processing Society, PPS 2014
CountryUnited States
CityCleveland
Period6/6/146/12/14

Keywords

  • Bismaleimide
  • Contaminant
  • Loss Tangent
  • Relative Permittivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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