The effect of grouped versus randomized questionnaire format on scale reliability and validity: A three-study investigation

Chester Schriesheim, Richard E. Kopelman, Esther Solomon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Three studies were conducted exploring the effects of two questionnaire formats (grouping versus randomized items) on internal consistency and test-retest reliability, convergent and discriminant validity, and accuracy in respondent-provided descriptions. The results of these studies (two correlational, one experimental) were reasonably consistent in showing that neither format is clearly superior to the other on any of the examined psychometric properties, although a weak trend showed that the grouped item format produced slightly superior measurement properties. Over-all, the results did not support the usefulness of grouping question-naire items. Implications and future research directions are briefly discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)487-508
Number of pages22
JournalEducational and Psychological Measurement
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Education

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