The effect of exercise training on pulmonary function in persons with quadriplegia

L. Crane, K. Klerk, A. Ruhl, P. Warner, C. Ruhl, Kathryn Roach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to determine if measures of pulmonary function are different between endurance trained and nontrained groups of persons with quadriplegia. After minimum criteria were met, 57 subjects with spinal cord injuries ranging from C5-T1 were surveyed to determine type, duration and intensity of exercise training for the previous 6 months. Subjects were assigned to the trained or untrained groups based on the operational definitions of 'trained' vs 'untrained'. A computerized spirometer was used to test forced vital capacity (FVC), forced mid-expiratory flow (FEF(25-75%)) and maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV) as indicators of respiratory muscle strength, airway patency and repiratory muscle endurance, respectively. Independent t tests and Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney nonparametric tests revealed no significant differences between the 'trained' and 'untrained' groups for the pulmonary functions. Correlation analysis revealed a moderate relationship (r = 0.498, p ≤ 0.0001) between a derived continuous variable called the weighted training equivalent (WTE) and FVC. Regression analysis revealed that WTE and level of injury accounted for approximately 30% of the variance of FVC with WTE contributing 25%. Exercise training may positively affect FVC in persons with quadriplegia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-441
Number of pages7
JournalParaplegia
Volume32
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

Fingerprint

Quadriplegia
Vital Capacity
Exercise
Lung
Respiratory Muscles
Muscle Strength
Spinal Cord Injuries
Ventilation
Regression Analysis
Muscles
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • Exercise training
  • Pulmonary function testing
  • Quadriplegia
  • Spinal cord athlete
  • Tetraplegia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Crane, L., Klerk, K., Ruhl, A., Warner, P., Ruhl, C., & Roach, K. (1994). The effect of exercise training on pulmonary function in persons with quadriplegia. Paraplegia, 32(7), 435-441.

The effect of exercise training on pulmonary function in persons with quadriplegia. / Crane, L.; Klerk, K.; Ruhl, A.; Warner, P.; Ruhl, C.; Roach, Kathryn.

In: Paraplegia, Vol. 32, No. 7, 01.01.1994, p. 435-441.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Crane, L, Klerk, K, Ruhl, A, Warner, P, Ruhl, C & Roach, K 1994, 'The effect of exercise training on pulmonary function in persons with quadriplegia', Paraplegia, vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 435-441.
Crane L, Klerk K, Ruhl A, Warner P, Ruhl C, Roach K. The effect of exercise training on pulmonary function in persons with quadriplegia. Paraplegia. 1994 Jan 1;32(7):435-441.
Crane, L. ; Klerk, K. ; Ruhl, A. ; Warner, P. ; Ruhl, C. ; Roach, Kathryn. / The effect of exercise training on pulmonary function in persons with quadriplegia. In: Paraplegia. 1994 ; Vol. 32, No. 7. pp. 435-441.
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