The Effect of Ethnic Community on Acculturation and Cultural Adaptation: the Case of Russian-Speaking Older Adults

Andrey Vinokurov, Edison J. Trickett, Dina Birman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The study examined community influences on acculturation, social integration, and cultural adaptation among elderly Russian-speaking immigrants residing in two communities with different ethnic density. Results revealed direct, indirect, and moderation effects of community. The residents of the dense ethnic community had lower American social support and American acculturation than residents of the dispersed community. Both communities had comparable levels of acculturative stress and American cultural alienation, underscoring an indirect effect of community on cultural adaptation via acculturation and social support. The ethnic community also moderated relationships of acculturation and social support to cultural adaptation, suggesting their varied adaptive and maladaptive pathways. American acculturation was associated with increased acculturative stress in the dense community and reduced acculturative stress in the dispersed community. Russian acculturation and social support were typically adaptive in the dense community and maladaptive in the dispersed community. The study supported the Ecological Acculturative Frameworkxcopy (EAF) that underscores the importance of conceptualizing acculturation as embedded within the community sociocultural context that reflects the lived experiences of individuals interacting with their contextual settings, and empirically examining adaptive and maladaptive pathways provided by these settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of International Migration and Integration
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

acculturation
speaking
community
social support
cultural alienation
resident
social integration
immigrant

Keywords

  • Acculturation
  • Acculturative stress
  • Alienation
  • Ecological model
  • Ethnic community
  • Refugees
  • Russian-speaking immigrants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology

Cite this

@article{e7eabe23852042b3bb0e772455e29b7c,
title = "The Effect of Ethnic Community on Acculturation and Cultural Adaptation: the Case of Russian-Speaking Older Adults",
abstract = "The study examined community influences on acculturation, social integration, and cultural adaptation among elderly Russian-speaking immigrants residing in two communities with different ethnic density. Results revealed direct, indirect, and moderation effects of community. The residents of the dense ethnic community had lower American social support and American acculturation than residents of the dispersed community. Both communities had comparable levels of acculturative stress and American cultural alienation, underscoring an indirect effect of community on cultural adaptation via acculturation and social support. The ethnic community also moderated relationships of acculturation and social support to cultural adaptation, suggesting their varied adaptive and maladaptive pathways. American acculturation was associated with increased acculturative stress in the dense community and reduced acculturative stress in the dispersed community. Russian acculturation and social support were typically adaptive in the dense community and maladaptive in the dispersed community. The study supported the Ecological Acculturative Frameworkxcopy (EAF) that underscores the importance of conceptualizing acculturation as embedded within the community sociocultural context that reflects the lived experiences of individuals interacting with their contextual settings, and empirically examining adaptive and maladaptive pathways provided by these settings.",
keywords = "Acculturation, Acculturative stress, Alienation, Ecological model, Ethnic community, Refugees, Russian-speaking immigrants",
author = "Andrey Vinokurov and Trickett, {Edison J.} and Dina Birman",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s12134-019-00698-5",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Journal of International Migration and Integration",
issn = "1488-3473",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Effect of Ethnic Community on Acculturation and Cultural Adaptation

T2 - the Case of Russian-Speaking Older Adults

AU - Vinokurov, Andrey

AU - Trickett, Edison J.

AU - Birman, Dina

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - The study examined community influences on acculturation, social integration, and cultural adaptation among elderly Russian-speaking immigrants residing in two communities with different ethnic density. Results revealed direct, indirect, and moderation effects of community. The residents of the dense ethnic community had lower American social support and American acculturation than residents of the dispersed community. Both communities had comparable levels of acculturative stress and American cultural alienation, underscoring an indirect effect of community on cultural adaptation via acculturation and social support. The ethnic community also moderated relationships of acculturation and social support to cultural adaptation, suggesting their varied adaptive and maladaptive pathways. American acculturation was associated with increased acculturative stress in the dense community and reduced acculturative stress in the dispersed community. Russian acculturation and social support were typically adaptive in the dense community and maladaptive in the dispersed community. The study supported the Ecological Acculturative Frameworkxcopy (EAF) that underscores the importance of conceptualizing acculturation as embedded within the community sociocultural context that reflects the lived experiences of individuals interacting with their contextual settings, and empirically examining adaptive and maladaptive pathways provided by these settings.

AB - The study examined community influences on acculturation, social integration, and cultural adaptation among elderly Russian-speaking immigrants residing in two communities with different ethnic density. Results revealed direct, indirect, and moderation effects of community. The residents of the dense ethnic community had lower American social support and American acculturation than residents of the dispersed community. Both communities had comparable levels of acculturative stress and American cultural alienation, underscoring an indirect effect of community on cultural adaptation via acculturation and social support. The ethnic community also moderated relationships of acculturation and social support to cultural adaptation, suggesting their varied adaptive and maladaptive pathways. American acculturation was associated with increased acculturative stress in the dense community and reduced acculturative stress in the dispersed community. Russian acculturation and social support were typically adaptive in the dense community and maladaptive in the dispersed community. The study supported the Ecological Acculturative Frameworkxcopy (EAF) that underscores the importance of conceptualizing acculturation as embedded within the community sociocultural context that reflects the lived experiences of individuals interacting with their contextual settings, and empirically examining adaptive and maladaptive pathways provided by these settings.

KW - Acculturation

KW - Acculturative stress

KW - Alienation

KW - Ecological model

KW - Ethnic community

KW - Refugees

KW - Russian-speaking immigrants

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85069950593&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85069950593&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s12134-019-00698-5

DO - 10.1007/s12134-019-00698-5

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85069950593

JO - Journal of International Migration and Integration

JF - Journal of International Migration and Integration

SN - 1488-3473

ER -