The effect of energy and nitrogen intake upon urea production in children with uremia and undernutrition

C. L. Abitboi, M. A. Holliday

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9 Scopus citations


Children with severe uremia who had anorexia were observed in a clinical study center where dietary energy and nitrogen intake could be compared with urea nitrogen production (UNPr). The children received a supplement of dextrose and amino acids at night, ate a self-selected diet and were encouraged to use carbohydrate supplements. Energy intake varied from 22 to 110 kcal/kg/day and nitrogen intake from 105 to 323 mg/kg/day. UNPr was reciprocally related to energy intake. Nitrogen intake minus UNPr, an index of nitrogen balance, was positively related to energy intake. UNPr was not related to nitrogen intake. Nitrogen intake (NI) and NI-UNPr were correlated and the slope of the regression was 1.15. We inferred from the data that low energy intakes (<60 kcal/kg/day) were associated with catabolic losses of body protein. Intakes above that level were associated with a low and stable rate of UNPr. The level of energy and nitrogen intake within the range observed limited the rate of nitrogen retention. Once maintenance requirements for energy and nitrogen were satisfied, the efficiency with which nitrogen was used for net protein synthesis was very high.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-15
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Nephrology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 1978
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology


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