THE EFFECT OF ENDOPHTHALMITIS ON RECURRENCE OF MACULAR EDEMA IN EYES RECEIVING INTRAVITREAL ANTI-VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR

Joshua H. Uhr, Philip P. Storey, Brandon Kuley, Samir N. Patel, Turner D. Wibbelsman, Maitri Pancholy, Marc J. Spirn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: Visual outcomes after postinjection endophthalmitis have been well-studied, but the effect of endophthalmitis on the underlying exudative disease process remains unclear. We investigate the need for continued anti-vascular endothelial growth factor injections after endophthalmitis. METHODS: Eyes that developed endophthalmitis after intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor between January 1, 2016, and May 31, 2018, at a single academic retina practice were identified. Retrospective chart review was performed to determine 1) the proportion of eyes without recurrence of macular edema or subretinal fluid after endophthalmitis and 2) the proportion achieving a 12-week or greater interval between anti-vascular endothelial growth factor injections or exudation after endophthalmitis compared with internal controls before endophthalmitis. RESULTS: Of 50 eyes with endophthalmitis, seven (14.0%) had no fluid recurrence at a mean of 98.1 week. Of 43 eyes with recurrence, 48.0% achieved a >12-week recurrence-free interval after endophthalmitis (vs. 8.3% before endophthalmitis; P < 0.0001). Eyes with compared to those without choroidal neovascularization were more likely to achieve this interval (60.5% vs. 8.3%, respectively; P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: Endophthalmitis after anti-vascular endothelial growth factor injection is associated with relative stability of the underlying exudation. Further research is necessary to elucidate the mechanism, which may be useful in developing strategies and targets for the treatment of exudative macular diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1470-1477
Number of pages8
JournalRetina (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Volume41
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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