The effect of bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7) on functional recovery, local cerebral glucose utilization and blood flow after transient focal cerebral ischemia in rats

Yitao Liu, Ludmila Belayev, Weizhao Zhao, Raul Busto, Isabel Saul, Ofelia Alonso, Myron D. Ginsberg

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25 Scopus citations


Bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7) has been shown to enhance dendritic growth and improve functional recovery after experimental stroke. In this study, we examined the effect of BMP-7 on functional recovery, local cerebral blood flow (LCBF) and local cerebral glucose utilization (LCMRglu) following transient middle cerebral artery occlusion. Sprague-Dawley rats (n=29) were anesthetized with halothane/nitrous oxide and received 2-h middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo) by poly-L-lysine-coated intraluminal suture. Rectal and cranial temperatures were regulated at 37.0-37.5°C. BMP-7 or vehicle (volume, 25 μ1) was administered intracisternally in a blinded fashion at 24 h after MCAo. Neurological status was evaluated during occlusion (60 min) and daily for 2 days after MCAo. In matched animal groups, LCMRglu was measured autoradiographically with [14C]2-deoxyglucose (2-DG) and LCBF with [14C]iodoantipyrine 48 h after MCAo. Four animals groups were studied: LCMRglu series (BMP-7, n=7; vehicle, n=8); LCBF series (BMP-7, n=6; vehicle, n=8). Average three-dimensional image data sets were constructed for each group and were compared by pixel-based statistical methods. Rectal and cranial temperatures, mean blood pressure, plasma glucose and blood gases were similar among groups. BMP-7 significantly improved the total neurological score compared to vehicle at 48 h after MCAo (7.3±0.4 vs. 9.0±0.2, respectively; P<0.0003). Compared to vehicle-rats, BMP-7 enhanced glucose utilization in the basal ganglia ipsilateral to stroke and improved LCBF in ipsilateral subthalamus, but decreased LCBF and LCMRglu in contralateral cortical regions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-90
Number of pages10
JournalBrain Research
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jun 29 2001



  • Autoradiography
  • BMP-7
  • Image-processing
  • Neuroprotection
  • Recovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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