The Effect of a Park-Based Physical Activity Program on Cardiovascular, Strength, and Mobility Outcomes Among a Sample of Racially/Ethnically Diverse Adults Aged 55 or Older

Hannah E. Kling, Emily M. D'Agostino, Ja'mese V. Booth, Hersila Patel, Eric Hansen, M. Sunil Mathew, Sarah Messiah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Many older adults are not physically active despite the well-documented health benefits of regular exercise. We examined cardiovascular, strength, and mobility outcomes among a sample of racially/ethnically diverse adults aged 55 or older participating in a community park-based physical activity program. METHODS: We assessed the following among adults aged 55 or older who attended a 1-hour park-based fitness class 2 or 3 times per week for 21 weeks: 1) 3 fitness outcomes, 2) systolic and diastolic blood pressure, 3) height and weight (to assess body mass index), and 4) pulse. We collected data at baseline (August-September 2016) and follow-up (January-February 2017). Linear regression analysis, adjusting for sex, age, and race/ethnicity, examined the association between program participation and changes in outcomes. RESULTS: Adjusted models showed a mean decrease in systolic blood pressure (-3.80 mm Hg; 95% CI, -6.75 to -0.84 mm Hg) and diastolic blood pressure (-1.54 mm Hg; 95% CI, -3.01 to -0.06 mm Hg) and a mean increase in number of arm curls completed in 30 seconds (1.66; 95% CI, 0.71-2.61) from baseline to follow-up among all participants. Hispanic participants, compared with non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black participants, showed greater improvements in mean body mass index (-2.48; 95% CI, -4.60 to -0.34), systolic blood pressure (8.59 mm Hg; 95% CI, -16.82 to -0.36 mm Hg), diastolic blood pressure (-7.06 mm Hg; 95% CI, -11.16 to -2.97 mm Hg), and pulse (-6.53 beats per minute; 95% CI, -11.38 to -1.67 beats per minute). CONCLUSION: Park-based fitness classes tailored to older, racially/ethnically diverse adults can improve cardiovascular health and strength.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E166
JournalPreventing chronic disease
Volume15
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 27 2018

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Exercise
Blood Pressure
Body Mass Index
Insurance Benefits
Hispanic Americans
Linear Models
Regression Analysis
Weights and Measures
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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The Effect of a Park-Based Physical Activity Program on Cardiovascular, Strength, and Mobility Outcomes Among a Sample of Racially/Ethnically Diverse Adults Aged 55 or Older. / Kling, Hannah E.; D'Agostino, Emily M.; Booth, Ja'mese V.; Patel, Hersila; Hansen, Eric; Mathew, M. Sunil; Messiah, Sarah.

In: Preventing chronic disease, Vol. 15, 27.12.2018, p. E166.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kling, Hannah E. ; D'Agostino, Emily M. ; Booth, Ja'mese V. ; Patel, Hersila ; Hansen, Eric ; Mathew, M. Sunil ; Messiah, Sarah. / The Effect of a Park-Based Physical Activity Program on Cardiovascular, Strength, and Mobility Outcomes Among a Sample of Racially/Ethnically Diverse Adults Aged 55 or Older. In: Preventing chronic disease. 2018 ; Vol. 15. pp. E166.
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abstract = "INTRODUCTION: Many older adults are not physically active despite the well-documented health benefits of regular exercise. We examined cardiovascular, strength, and mobility outcomes among a sample of racially/ethnically diverse adults aged 55 or older participating in a community park-based physical activity program. METHODS: We assessed the following among adults aged 55 or older who attended a 1-hour park-based fitness class 2 or 3 times per week for 21 weeks: 1) 3 fitness outcomes, 2) systolic and diastolic blood pressure, 3) height and weight (to assess body mass index), and 4) pulse. We collected data at baseline (August-September 2016) and follow-up (January-February 2017). Linear regression analysis, adjusting for sex, age, and race/ethnicity, examined the association between program participation and changes in outcomes. RESULTS: Adjusted models showed a mean decrease in systolic blood pressure (-3.80 mm Hg; 95{\%} CI, -6.75 to -0.84 mm Hg) and diastolic blood pressure (-1.54 mm Hg; 95{\%} CI, -3.01 to -0.06 mm Hg) and a mean increase in number of arm curls completed in 30 seconds (1.66; 95{\%} CI, 0.71-2.61) from baseline to follow-up among all participants. Hispanic participants, compared with non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black participants, showed greater improvements in mean body mass index (-2.48; 95{\%} CI, -4.60 to -0.34), systolic blood pressure (8.59 mm Hg; 95{\%} CI, -16.82 to -0.36 mm Hg), diastolic blood pressure (-7.06 mm Hg; 95{\%} CI, -11.16 to -2.97 mm Hg), and pulse (-6.53 beats per minute; 95{\%} CI, -11.38 to -1.67 beats per minute). CONCLUSION: Park-based fitness classes tailored to older, racially/ethnically diverse adults can improve cardiovascular health and strength.",
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T1 - The Effect of a Park-Based Physical Activity Program on Cardiovascular, Strength, and Mobility Outcomes Among a Sample of Racially/Ethnically Diverse Adults Aged 55 or Older

AU - Kling, Hannah E.

AU - D'Agostino, Emily M.

AU - Booth, Ja'mese V.

AU - Patel, Hersila

AU - Hansen, Eric

AU - Mathew, M. Sunil

AU - Messiah, Sarah

PY - 2018/12/27

Y1 - 2018/12/27

N2 - INTRODUCTION: Many older adults are not physically active despite the well-documented health benefits of regular exercise. We examined cardiovascular, strength, and mobility outcomes among a sample of racially/ethnically diverse adults aged 55 or older participating in a community park-based physical activity program. METHODS: We assessed the following among adults aged 55 or older who attended a 1-hour park-based fitness class 2 or 3 times per week for 21 weeks: 1) 3 fitness outcomes, 2) systolic and diastolic blood pressure, 3) height and weight (to assess body mass index), and 4) pulse. We collected data at baseline (August-September 2016) and follow-up (January-February 2017). Linear regression analysis, adjusting for sex, age, and race/ethnicity, examined the association between program participation and changes in outcomes. RESULTS: Adjusted models showed a mean decrease in systolic blood pressure (-3.80 mm Hg; 95% CI, -6.75 to -0.84 mm Hg) and diastolic blood pressure (-1.54 mm Hg; 95% CI, -3.01 to -0.06 mm Hg) and a mean increase in number of arm curls completed in 30 seconds (1.66; 95% CI, 0.71-2.61) from baseline to follow-up among all participants. Hispanic participants, compared with non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black participants, showed greater improvements in mean body mass index (-2.48; 95% CI, -4.60 to -0.34), systolic blood pressure (8.59 mm Hg; 95% CI, -16.82 to -0.36 mm Hg), diastolic blood pressure (-7.06 mm Hg; 95% CI, -11.16 to -2.97 mm Hg), and pulse (-6.53 beats per minute; 95% CI, -11.38 to -1.67 beats per minute). CONCLUSION: Park-based fitness classes tailored to older, racially/ethnically diverse adults can improve cardiovascular health and strength.

AB - INTRODUCTION: Many older adults are not physically active despite the well-documented health benefits of regular exercise. We examined cardiovascular, strength, and mobility outcomes among a sample of racially/ethnically diverse adults aged 55 or older participating in a community park-based physical activity program. METHODS: We assessed the following among adults aged 55 or older who attended a 1-hour park-based fitness class 2 or 3 times per week for 21 weeks: 1) 3 fitness outcomes, 2) systolic and diastolic blood pressure, 3) height and weight (to assess body mass index), and 4) pulse. We collected data at baseline (August-September 2016) and follow-up (January-February 2017). Linear regression analysis, adjusting for sex, age, and race/ethnicity, examined the association between program participation and changes in outcomes. RESULTS: Adjusted models showed a mean decrease in systolic blood pressure (-3.80 mm Hg; 95% CI, -6.75 to -0.84 mm Hg) and diastolic blood pressure (-1.54 mm Hg; 95% CI, -3.01 to -0.06 mm Hg) and a mean increase in number of arm curls completed in 30 seconds (1.66; 95% CI, 0.71-2.61) from baseline to follow-up among all participants. Hispanic participants, compared with non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black participants, showed greater improvements in mean body mass index (-2.48; 95% CI, -4.60 to -0.34), systolic blood pressure (8.59 mm Hg; 95% CI, -16.82 to -0.36 mm Hg), diastolic blood pressure (-7.06 mm Hg; 95% CI, -11.16 to -2.97 mm Hg), and pulse (-6.53 beats per minute; 95% CI, -11.38 to -1.67 beats per minute). CONCLUSION: Park-based fitness classes tailored to older, racially/ethnically diverse adults can improve cardiovascular health and strength.

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