The ecotoxicological impact of metal oxide Nanoparticles on pool algae in the presence and absence of disinfection byproducts: A new research direction for the public health and safety of engineered Nanoparticles used in consumer products

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Recent research on potential carcinogens in recreational waters has spawned public concerns about the long-term public health impacts of disinfectants used in pools. However, no attention has been given to the ecological and public health impacts of metal oxides in cosmetics and sunscreens within swimming pools where leisure activities occur. The discussion in this perspective focuses on the interaction between metal oxide nanoparticles released from swimmers into pools where algae is present, and the synergistic toxicological effects of pool algae adsorbed by metal oxide nanoparticles in the presence of disinfection byproducts in comparison to the absence of contaminants. This perspective will address research approaches to evaluating metal oxide nanoparticle impacts on pool algae, and the challenge of identifying the potential mechanisms leading to transformed algae.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1681
JournalWater, Air, and Soil Pollution
Issue number9
StatePublished - Aug 12 2013
Externally publishedYes



  • Consumer Products
  • Disinfection Byproducts
  • Ecotoxicity
  • Metal Oxide Nanoparticles
  • Pool Algae
  • Public Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Ecological Modeling
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Pollution

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