Steroid receptor coactivator and corepressor proteins are important mediators of steroid receptor function. Changes in the expression or activity of these limiting cofactors can contribute to the etiology of steroidal cancers. Using a mouse mammary model of multistage tumorigenesis we have examined whether the expression of select steroid receptor coactivators is altered. The 10 kb transcript of the novel dual function steroid receptor coactivator/ubiquitin protein-ligase integrator E6-AP is overexpressed 2.5-4.5 fold in the mammary tumors but not in the precursor steps of tumorigenesis; that is, immortal ductal and alveolar hyperplastic outgrowths. The over expression is striking because the 10 kb transcript is expressed to variable levels in other wild type tissues like the uterus, ovary, testis, kidney and brain but is undetectable in normal virgin mammary gland and the prostate gland. The E6-AP overexpression in the mammary tumors in substantiated by western blot analysis and immunohistochemical analysis. Absence of ER and PR in these tumors in the presence of high levels of E6-AP could contribute to steroid receptor-independent function and tumorigenesis. There is no obvious correlation between p53 (a well-characterized substrate of E6-AP) status (wt vs. mutant) and levels of E6-AP in the mouse mammary tumors.
- Mammary gland
- Mammary tumorigenesis
- Steroid receptor coactivators
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research