The Dragonfly Effect: Analysis of the Social Media Women’s Empowerment Campaign

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Social media can advocate for social causes and catalyse audience support. To better understand the role of social media in advocacy communication, this article explores how advocates utilised Facebook to advocate for the ‘Taa Marbuta’ women empowerment campaign in Egypt. Our research draws on the dragonfly effect model and muted group theory as theoretical and analytical frameworks. In-depth interviews are conducted with advocates from all campaign partners who were directly involved in planning and managing the campaign. Following the dragonfly effect model, findings show that the campaign has a clear goal and uses various message strategies and pop culture for grabbing audience attention and generating audience engagement; however, there is no clear call for action. Thematic analysis also reveals two emerging themes: customisation of women empowerment communication and a supportive community of women empowerment that can stimulate societal debates necessary for social change. This study contends that including men can mitigate the muted effect on women in a male-dominant society and paves the way towards women’s empowerment. Overall, this study shows how social media helps make the ‘Taa Marbuta’ campaign an icon of women empowerment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)331-346
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Creative Communications
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 2021


  • Advocacy
  • dragonfly model
  • Egypt
  • empowerment
  • Facebook
  • women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication


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