The discriminant validity of the Leader Reward and Punishment Questionnaire (LRPQ) and satisfaction with supervision: A two‐sample, factor analytic investigation

Chester Schriesheim, Timothy R. Hinkin, Linda A. Tetrault

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The conceptualization of leaders as reinforcement mediators is a relatively recent development, which has generated substantial interest in leadership research. Accompanying this new approach has been the development and use of perceived leader reinforcement questionnaires; a rapidly growing literature has developed as a result. This article reports a factor analytic investigation of what is probably the most commonly used and reliable measure in this domain ‐ the Leader Reward and Punishment Questionnaire (LRPQ: Podsakoff, Todor, Grover & Huber, 1984). Using samples of hospital employees (N = 375) and bankers (N = 297), with principal axes factor extraction and varimax rotation, the results show relatively good discriminant validity when the LRPQ is factored with the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire's ‘satisfaction with supervision’ items (MSQ: Weiss, Dawis, England & Lofquist, 1967). A consistent pattern of weak to moderate cross‐loadings does exist, however, suggesting that research which employs affective dependent variables may need to interpret cautiously some of the relationships obtained. Avenues for future research are briefly discussed. 1991 The British Psychological Society

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)159-166
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology
Volume64
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

Fingerprint

Punishment
Reward
Research
England
Surveys and Questionnaires
Supervision
Discriminant validity
Questionnaire
Factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

Cite this

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abstract = "The conceptualization of leaders as reinforcement mediators is a relatively recent development, which has generated substantial interest in leadership research. Accompanying this new approach has been the development and use of perceived leader reinforcement questionnaires; a rapidly growing literature has developed as a result. This article reports a factor analytic investigation of what is probably the most commonly used and reliable measure in this domain ‐ the Leader Reward and Punishment Questionnaire (LRPQ: Podsakoff, Todor, Grover & Huber, 1984). Using samples of hospital employees (N = 375) and bankers (N = 297), with principal axes factor extraction and varimax rotation, the results show relatively good discriminant validity when the LRPQ is factored with the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire's ‘satisfaction with supervision’ items (MSQ: Weiss, Dawis, England & Lofquist, 1967). A consistent pattern of weak to moderate cross‐loadings does exist, however, suggesting that research which employs affective dependent variables may need to interpret cautiously some of the relationships obtained. Avenues for future research are briefly discussed. 1991 The British Psychological Society",
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