The development of the Therapeutic Group Context Questionnaire: Reliability and validity measures based on telehealth Group-based Pain Management Programs

Marnin J. Romm, Lawrence P. Cahalin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: In 2016, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention analyzed the National Health Interview Survey data and found that the occurrence of chronic pain and high-impact chronic pain in the USA was 20.4% and 8%, respectively. Group-based Pain Management Programs have been viewed as significant treatments aiding patients with self-management of chronic pain. The onset of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) at the beginning of 2020, widely eliminated the in-person Group-based Pain Management Programs. The exploration of therapeutic contextual factors such as the therapeutic alliance and group dynamics in telehealth Group-based Pain Management Programs appears warranted for which reason the Therapeutic Group Context Questionnaire was developed. Methods: The therapeutic alliance and group dynamics items in the Therapeutic Group Context Questionnaire were developed from an extensive literature review and underwent examination of content validity, internal consistency, reliability, and validity through telehealth Group-based Pain Management Programs. Results: Content validity of the Therapeutic Group Context Questionnaire was established in five separate stages and the psychometrics of the Therapeutic Group Context Questionnaire was found to be very good with high internal consistency and reliability (r = 0.85–0.97) and the ability of the Therapeutic Group Context Questionnaire to differentiate between high and low scorers on the SF-36 emotional well-being measure. Discussion: The examination of therapeutic contextual factors via telehealth Group-based Pain Management Programs using the Therapeutic Group Context Questionnaire appears possible in view of the very good psychometric properties described above. Investigation of therapeutic contextual factors through the Therapeutic Group Context Questionnaire may provide greater insight into the role that these factors may have in telehealth programs and their impact on pain outcomes. Future investigation of the Therapeutic Group Context Questionnaire in non-telehealth Group-based Pain Management Programs, as well as, other disorders being addressed via telehealth appears warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of telemedicine and telecare
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Group-based Pain Management Programs
  • instrument development
  • reliability
  • Telehealth
  • therapeutic contextual factors
  • validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics

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