The development and validation of the mood-based indoor tanning scale

Nick Carcioppolo, Yixin Chen, Kevin K. John, Andrea Martinez Gonzalez, Andy J. King, Susan Morgan, Shasa Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Objectives: Research indicates that mood-based motivations may be an important predictor of indoor tanning bed use and may be related to indoor tanning dependence. Problematically, little research has been conducted to develop a psychometric measure of mood-based tanning motivations. The current study seeks to develop and validate the moodbased indoor tanning scale (MITS). Methods: Two studies were conducted to identify and verify the MITS factor structure as well as assess construct validity. Study 1 was conducted at 5 geographically diverse universities in the United States. Study 2 was conducted by using a national online sample in the United States. Results: Results from study 1 specified the factor structure of the MITS. Results from study 2 suggest that a one-point increase in the MITS measure corresponds with using indoor tanning beds 11 more times in the past year. Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that moodbased tanning motivations are a strong predictor of indoor tanning intentions and behavior. Further, they suggest that health behavior researchers and healthcare practitioners can use the MITS to assess the extent to which mood-based motivations impact indoor tanning bed use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-51
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017


  • Dependence
  • Indoor tanning
  • Melanoma
  • Mood
  • Skin cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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