The development and validation of the mood-based indoor tanning scale

Nick Carcioppolo, Yixin Chen, Kevin K. John, Andrea Martinez Gonzalez, Andy J. King, Susan Morgan, Shasa Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Research indicates that mood-based motivations may be an important predictor of indoor tanning bed use and may be related to indoor tanning dependence. Problematically, little research has been conducted to develop a psychometric measure of mood-based tanning motivations. The current study seeks to develop and validate the moodbased indoor tanning scale (MITS). Methods: Two studies were conducted to identify and verify the MITS factor structure as well as assess construct validity. Study 1 was conducted at 5 geographically diverse universities in the United States. Study 2 was conducted by using a national online sample in the United States. Results: Results from study 1 specified the factor structure of the MITS. Results from study 2 suggest that a one-point increase in the MITS measure corresponds with using indoor tanning beds 11 more times in the past year. Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that moodbased tanning motivations are a strong predictor of indoor tanning intentions and behavior. Further, they suggest that health behavior researchers and healthcare practitioners can use the MITS to assess the extent to which mood-based motivations impact indoor tanning bed use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-51
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Fingerprint

Tanning
mood
Motivation
construct validity
health behavior
psychometrics
university
Health Behavior
Research
Psychometrics

Keywords

  • Dependence
  • Indoor tanning
  • Melanoma
  • Mood
  • Skin cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

The development and validation of the mood-based indoor tanning scale. / Carcioppolo, Nick; Chen, Yixin; John, Kevin K.; Gonzalez, Andrea Martinez; King, Andy J.; Morgan, Susan; Hu, Shasa.

In: American Journal of Health Behavior, Vol. 41, No. 1, 01.01.2017, p. 42-51.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Carcioppolo, Nick ; Chen, Yixin ; John, Kevin K. ; Gonzalez, Andrea Martinez ; King, Andy J. ; Morgan, Susan ; Hu, Shasa. / The development and validation of the mood-based indoor tanning scale. In: American Journal of Health Behavior. 2017 ; Vol. 41, No. 1. pp. 42-51.
@article{c6468214343641d88dc95884a1cd5ef8,
title = "The development and validation of the mood-based indoor tanning scale",
abstract = "Objectives: Research indicates that mood-based motivations may be an important predictor of indoor tanning bed use and may be related to indoor tanning dependence. Problematically, little research has been conducted to develop a psychometric measure of mood-based tanning motivations. The current study seeks to develop and validate the moodbased indoor tanning scale (MITS). Methods: Two studies were conducted to identify and verify the MITS factor structure as well as assess construct validity. Study 1 was conducted at 5 geographically diverse universities in the United States. Study 2 was conducted by using a national online sample in the United States. Results: Results from study 1 specified the factor structure of the MITS. Results from study 2 suggest that a one-point increase in the MITS measure corresponds with using indoor tanning beds 11 more times in the past year. Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that moodbased tanning motivations are a strong predictor of indoor tanning intentions and behavior. Further, they suggest that health behavior researchers and healthcare practitioners can use the MITS to assess the extent to which mood-based motivations impact indoor tanning bed use.",
keywords = "Dependence, Indoor tanning, Melanoma, Mood, Skin cancer",
author = "Nick Carcioppolo and Yixin Chen and John, {Kevin K.} and Gonzalez, {Andrea Martinez} and King, {Andy J.} and Susan Morgan and Shasa Hu",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.5993/AJHB.41.1.4",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "41",
pages = "42--51",
journal = "American Journal of Health Behavior",
issn = "1087-3244",
publisher = "PNG Publications",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The development and validation of the mood-based indoor tanning scale

AU - Carcioppolo, Nick

AU - Chen, Yixin

AU - John, Kevin K.

AU - Gonzalez, Andrea Martinez

AU - King, Andy J.

AU - Morgan, Susan

AU - Hu, Shasa

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Objectives: Research indicates that mood-based motivations may be an important predictor of indoor tanning bed use and may be related to indoor tanning dependence. Problematically, little research has been conducted to develop a psychometric measure of mood-based tanning motivations. The current study seeks to develop and validate the moodbased indoor tanning scale (MITS). Methods: Two studies were conducted to identify and verify the MITS factor structure as well as assess construct validity. Study 1 was conducted at 5 geographically diverse universities in the United States. Study 2 was conducted by using a national online sample in the United States. Results: Results from study 1 specified the factor structure of the MITS. Results from study 2 suggest that a one-point increase in the MITS measure corresponds with using indoor tanning beds 11 more times in the past year. Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that moodbased tanning motivations are a strong predictor of indoor tanning intentions and behavior. Further, they suggest that health behavior researchers and healthcare practitioners can use the MITS to assess the extent to which mood-based motivations impact indoor tanning bed use.

AB - Objectives: Research indicates that mood-based motivations may be an important predictor of indoor tanning bed use and may be related to indoor tanning dependence. Problematically, little research has been conducted to develop a psychometric measure of mood-based tanning motivations. The current study seeks to develop and validate the moodbased indoor tanning scale (MITS). Methods: Two studies were conducted to identify and verify the MITS factor structure as well as assess construct validity. Study 1 was conducted at 5 geographically diverse universities in the United States. Study 2 was conducted by using a national online sample in the United States. Results: Results from study 1 specified the factor structure of the MITS. Results from study 2 suggest that a one-point increase in the MITS measure corresponds with using indoor tanning beds 11 more times in the past year. Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that moodbased tanning motivations are a strong predictor of indoor tanning intentions and behavior. Further, they suggest that health behavior researchers and healthcare practitioners can use the MITS to assess the extent to which mood-based motivations impact indoor tanning bed use.

KW - Dependence

KW - Indoor tanning

KW - Melanoma

KW - Mood

KW - Skin cancer

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85008339450&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85008339450&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5993/AJHB.41.1.4

DO - 10.5993/AJHB.41.1.4

M3 - Article

C2 - 27935789

AN - SCOPUS:85008339450

VL - 41

SP - 42

EP - 51

JO - American Journal of Health Behavior

JF - American Journal of Health Behavior

SN - 1087-3244

IS - 1

ER -