The Design and Rationale of a Phase 2b, Randomized, Double-Blinded, and Placebo-Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Lomecel-B in Older Adults with Frailty

K. Yousefi, K. N. Ramdas, J. G. Ruiz, J. Walston, H. Arai, E. Volpi, A. B. Newman, C. Wang, B. Hitchinson, L. McClain-Moss, L. Diaz, G. A. Green, J. M. Hare, Anthony A. Oliva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Frailty in older adults is a rapidly growing unmet medical need. It is an aging-related syndrome characterized by physical decline leading to higher risk of adverse health outcomes. Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of Lomecel-B, an allogeneic medicinal signaling cell (MSC) formulation, in older adults with frailty. DESIGN: This multicenter, randomized, parallel-arm, double-blinded, and placebo-controlled phase 2b trial is designed to evaluate doserange effects of Lomecel-B for frailty on physical functioning, patient-reported outcomes (PROs), frailty status, and biomarkers. Setting: Eight enrolling clinical research centers, including the Miami Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Participants: Target enrollment is 150 subjects aged 70–85 years of any race, ethnicity, or gender. Enrollment criteria include a Clinical Frailty Score of 5 (“mild”) or 6 (“moderate”), a 6MWT of 200–400 m, and serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) ≥2.5 pg/mL. Intervention: A single intravenous infusion of Lomecel-B (25, 50, 100, or 200 million cells) or placebo (N=30/arm). Patients are followed for 365 days for safety, and the efficacy assessments performed at 90, 180, and 270 days. Measurements: The primary endpoint is change in 6MWT in the Lomecel-B-treated arms versus placebo at 180 days post-infusion. Secondary and exploratory endpoints include change in: 6MWT and other physical function measures at all time points; PROs; frailty status; cognitive status; and an inflammatory biomarkers panel. A pre-specified sub-study examines vascular/endothelial biomarkers. Safety is evaluated throughout the trial. Results: The trial is conducted under a Food and Drug Administration Investigational New Drug (IND), with Institutional Review Board approval, and monitoring by an NIH-appointed independent Data Safety Monitoring Board. Conclusion: This clinical trial investigates the use of a regenerative medicine strategy for frailty in older adults. The results will further the understanding of the potential for Lomecel-B in the geriatric condition of frailty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalThe Journal of frailty & aging
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • 6-minute walk test
  • Frailty
  • medicinal signaling cell
  • mesenchymal stem cells
  • physical function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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