The decadal ENSO variability in a hybrid coupled model

Sang Wook Yeh, Jong Ghap Jhun, In Sik Kang, Benjamin Kirtman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, the characteristics of decadal ENSO variability in a long (100-yr) simulation of a hybrid coupled model (HCM) are investigated. To exclude the possibility that the decadal El Nin̄o-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) variability is forced by midlatitude ocean variability, the atmospheric component model is coupled to an ocean model that is restricted to the tropical Pacific. The sea surface temperature anomaly (SSTA) variability from a 100-yr run of HCM compares favorably to the observations and shows fluctuations in the ENSO period and amplitude on decadal time scales. The spatial structure of the interannual ENSO variability in the HCM is similar to the observations, whereas on decadal time scales the spatial structure differs significantly from the observations suggesting the importance of extratropical oceanic processes or deficiencies in the model. The decadal mean of both the SSTA and the wind stress anomaly is too equatorially confined in the HCM compared to the observations. Simple coupled model experiments are performed to determine the source of decadal ENSO variability in the HCM. These experiments indicate that the slow time-scale variations in the mean state have little effect on the character of the ENSO variability. The decadal modulation of ENSO is primarily related to the details of atmospheric noise processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1225-1238
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Climate
Volume17
Issue number6
StatePublished - Mar 15 2004
Externally publishedYes

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El Nino-Southern Oscillation
timescale
temperature anomaly
sea surface temperature
ocean
wind stress
experiment
anomaly
simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

Yeh, S. W., Jhun, J. G., Kang, I. S., & Kirtman, B. (2004). The decadal ENSO variability in a hybrid coupled model. Journal of Climate, 17(6), 1225-1238.

The decadal ENSO variability in a hybrid coupled model. / Yeh, Sang Wook; Jhun, Jong Ghap; Kang, In Sik; Kirtman, Benjamin.

In: Journal of Climate, Vol. 17, No. 6, 15.03.2004, p. 1225-1238.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yeh, SW, Jhun, JG, Kang, IS & Kirtman, B 2004, 'The decadal ENSO variability in a hybrid coupled model', Journal of Climate, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 1225-1238.
Yeh SW, Jhun JG, Kang IS, Kirtman B. The decadal ENSO variability in a hybrid coupled model. Journal of Climate. 2004 Mar 15;17(6):1225-1238.
Yeh, Sang Wook ; Jhun, Jong Ghap ; Kang, In Sik ; Kirtman, Benjamin. / The decadal ENSO variability in a hybrid coupled model. In: Journal of Climate. 2004 ; Vol. 17, No. 6. pp. 1225-1238.
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