The costs of drug abuse consequences: A summary of research findings

Michael T. French, Robert F. Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


The purpose of this article is to provide researchers, clinicians, and policy makers with a common source of published cost estimates for drug abuse consequences. Across the broad range of potential complications associated with drug abuse, some of the cost elements are specific and directly related to drug abuse per se (e.g., drug treatment costs), while other items may be related to drug abuse (e.g., typical emergency room cost). The results presented here are based on a review of completed and ongoing studies, which include published papers, monographs, conference presentations, working papers, reports insurance company records, newsletters, and expert judgment. Whenever possible, we report an average cost estimate and the range of available estimates. Each cost element is normalized to 1994 dollars. The results are organized by type of cost and are presented in tabular format so that the findings can be easily understood and used.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)453-466
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1996


  • Economic evaluation
  • Health services
  • Public policy
  • Substance abuse costs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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